..... The INTRODUCTION into the one of the best selling book in the field (over 30k ebooks sold) ..... Abstract: Since the sixteenth century there have been two main paradigms in the methodology of doing science. The first one is referred to as “the experimental” paradigm. During an experiment we observe, measure, and quantify natural phenomena in order to solve a specific problem, answer a ... [Show full abstract] question, or to decide whether a hypothesis is true or false. The second paradigm is known as “the theoretical” paradigm. A theory is generally understood as a fundamental, for instance logical and/or mathematical explanation of an observed natural phenomenon. Theory can be supported or falsified through experimentation.
Link to the online version of the book: http://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783642122026