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Abstract

This article is a programmatic article, which formulates a new approach to information science (IS): domain-analysis. This approach states that the most fruitful horizon for IS is to study the knowledge-domains as thought or discourse communities, which are parts of society's division of labor. The article is also a review article, providing a multidisciplinary description of research, illuminating this theoretical view. The first section presents contemporary research in IS, sharing the fundamental viewpoint that IS should be seen as a social rather than as a purely mental discipline. In addition, important predecessors to this view are mentioned and the possibilities as well as the limitations of their approaches are discussed. The second section describes recent transdisciplinary tendencies in the understanding of knowledge. In bordering disciplines to IS, such as educational research, psychology, linguistics, and the philosophy of science, an important new view of knowledge is appearing in the 1990s. This new view of knowledge stresses the social, ecological, and content-oriented nature of knowledge. This is opposed to the more formal, computer-like approaches that dominated in the 1980s. The third section compares domain-analysis to other major approaches in IS, such as the cognitive approach. The final section outlines important problems to be investigated, such as how different knowledge-domains affect the informational value of different subject access points in data bases. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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... To support our research theoretically and methodologically, we reserved a section to explore Domain Analysis (DA). Proposed by Hjørland and Albrechtsen (1995) around Information Science, this approach allows us to analyze domains of knowledge from their social interactions as discursive communities. Then, we describe the context of information in Evangelista, Isadora Victorino, et al. ...
... To support our research theoretically and methodologically, we reserved a section to explore Domain Analysis. Proposed by Hjørland and Albrechtsen (1995) in the area of Information Science, this approach allows us to analyze domains of knowledge from their social interactions as discursive communities. As a theoretical choice, we seem to focus on Hjørland research about Domain Analysis, considering his important and well-known works about this methodology. ...
... Domain Analysis as proposed by Information Science is originated from a publication by Hjørland and Albrechtsen (1995), in which the authors sought not to define its concept, but present it as a possible methodological approach for the development of works in the scope of IS. ...
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In the past two years, science has been mobilized around studies centered on the new pandemic phenomenon known as COVID-19, a variation of the coronavirus with higher transmission capacity and higher mortality. Thus, as a way of investigating the state of the art of this topic in the field of Information Science, this research sought to answer the following question: what is the Brazilian scientific production in Information Science regarding the COVID-19 pandemic? As main justification, we understand that systematically identifying and disseminating those studies may help the construction of an appropriate theoretical analysis on the theme in the national scope. To support our research theoretically and methodologically, we reserved a section to explore Domain Analysis (DA). Proposed by Hjørland and Albrechtsen (1995) around Information Science, this approach allows us to analyze domains of knowledge from their social interactions as discursive communities. Then, we describe the context of information in 2 Evangelista, Isadora Victorino, et al. Domain analysis of the literature on COVID-19 in Information Science's national context. health, specifically the COVID-19 pandemic context. This is a quali-quantitative research: we made a textual analysis of the keywords found in the articles that make up the corpus and applied bibliometric criteria to identify occurrence patterns of the most productive authors and journals. Being a descriptive-exploratory research about COVID-19 in Brazil Information Science literature, we aimed to describe how the pandemic phenomenon influenced textual production in this context, seeking to better understand the theme and looking for reflections about the subject. It was possible to infer that the scientific dissemination of knowledge around this theme is closely related to research in information in health, and it even includes a new term in this perspective: "infodemia" (infodemic), a term that is related to the vastness of information made available via the web, especially on social media. In addition to that, the incidence frequency of terms such as comunidade (community) and competência em informação (information competence) enhances the significance of the area of IS in studies oriented toward knowledge organization and representation in face of the overload of information.
... Referring to the "[…] two fundamental positions in the face of social knowledge, within contemporary rationalism", Paulo Netto (1989 p. 143) participating in the social division of labor (Hjørland, and Albrechtsen 1995), the category of totality, prior to being epistemological, reveals itself as an ontological one, constitutive of the very nature of the social being. ...
... In 1995, Birger Hjørland and Hanne Albrechtsen developed a social epistemological paradigm called the Domain Analysis paradigm, whose main emphasis is on the relationship between different fields of knowledge and discourse communities (Hjørland, and Albrechtsen 1995). Standing out as one of the main theoretical bases in IS, DA was in fact first utilized in 1980 ...
... in the field of computer science by Neighbors (Hjørland 2002). Within IS and from a sociological perspective, DA focuses on the context rather than the individual, as it was done in the cognitivist perspective (Hjørland, and Albrechtsen 1995). ...
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This study aims to present aspects of approximation between sociological studies on knowledge, science and scientific knowledge and Information Science, found in the periodic scientific production of a universe of 98 Productivity Fellows in Brazil. We aimed to identify the referent authors from the sociological fields that focus on knowledge, science, and scientific knowledge featured in this production; to highlight similarities or differences between the researchers and the referent authors; and to diachronically analyze the presence and coupling of the authors from these three sociological fields in the periodical production of the PQ fellows. As methodological procedures, we situated the PQs within the fields, starting with a priori classification, and identified the presence of these authors by performing searches in Brapci, based on their scientific productions, pointing out the coupling relations between citing authors and the most cited referents. Results show Castells, Bourdieu, Cronin, Popper, and Merton as the most cited sociologists, and we also produced an adjacency matrix to verify the most cited sociologists in each of the fields. We built the network of referents to expose the coupling relations between them and the PQs. We conclude this article by highlighting the presence of the authors cited in the PQs’ productions in all categories, and the identification of the dynamics of scientific production within its movements, based on the analytical procedures.
... Domain Analysis as a theoretical framework for information science (IS) was originally formulated by Hjørland and Albrechtsen (1995) as a new approach to IS, emphasizing of the collective ecology and content-oriented nature of knowledge and knowledge production. It was a programmatic article that argued that "the best way to understand information in IS is to study the knowledge-domains as thought or discurse communities" (Hjørland and Albrechtsen, 1995, p. 400). ...
... Hjørland distances his version of domain analysis from subjectivist and data driven objectivist information theories and argues that theories and knowledge claims and documentation should be the primary focus of knowledge organization rather than information (Thellefsen et al., 2015), a view that is elaborated (Thellefsen et al., 2015). The particular coupling of Kuhn's paradigm theory and the focus on knowledge claims in discourse communities seems to affiliate domain analysis with social constructivism and relativism, and thus suggests a contradiction to the realist stance advocated in several conceptual writings of Hjørland (2004aHjørland ( , 2009) and Hjørland and Albrechtsen (1995). ...
... Information Science (IS) a field with many derivatives By Hjørland and Albrechtsen (1995) IS is the preferred term used to address the science that study information in human conduct. Doman analysis is put forward as an answer to the objectivist data-oriented and cognitivist views that have dominated the developments in IS. ...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to discuss and clarify a possible realist foundation of domain analysis and knowledge organization, and in this vein, investigate into how the concept of information is to be understood at a lower but necessary conceptual level in domain analysis. Design/methodology/approach The paper investigates into the foundation of domain analysis as formulated by Birger Hjørland, and develops a realist framework for domain analytical information and knowledge organization based on critical realism. Findings Information can meaningfully be considered as the prerequisite for domain analysis, and critical realism may provide for a realist ontological framework for domain analysis and knowledge organization. Originality/value The paper includes new insights into the foundation of information and domain analysis.
... While predominant theories of knowledge from pragmatism to historicism to various kinds of constructivism agree about the context-dependent nature of human knowledge and the importance to acknowledge different frames of reference (Jacob 2000;Svenonius 2000;Mai 2011;Smiraglia and Lee 2012b;Hjørland 2013b;López-Huertas 2013), there is much less theorizing about how to cope with the challenge of a fragmentation of knowledge. It will be shown that prevailing context-aware approaches to knowledge organization, exemplified by the methodologies of polyrepresentation analysis (Ingwersen and Järvelin 2005;Larsen, Ingwersen, and Kekäläinen 2006), domain analysis (Hjørland and Albrechtsen 1995;Mai 2005), and genealogical discourse analysis (Frohmann 1994;Olson 2002;Smiraglia, Lee, and Olson 2011;Fox 2015) tend to be in danger that epistemic pluralism leads to epistemic relativism. This is to say that the mere existence of multiple perspectives already implies that these perspectives are incommensurable to each other since there is neither a neutral "view from nowhere" (Nagel 1986, 1) nor a common measure against which the validity of knowledge claims could be evaluated across contexts. ...
... The emphasis on the collective aspect of epistemic communities characterizes the approach of domain analysis which studies the actors in a given knowledge domain from a sociological perspective, as well as from an epistemological perspective concerned with the theoretical assumptions put forward by these actors (Hjørland and Albrechtsen 1995). More than any other KO approach domain analysis emphasizes the importance to investigate different epistemic contexts or frames of references (e.g., epistemologies, paradigms, language games, collective views) and to reflect their implications for relevance criteria, information needs, and the organization of knowledge. ...
... In contrast to the methodological individualism favored by the cognitive view focusing on mentalistic or intrapsychological aspects, Birger Hjørland's and Hanne Albrechtsen's (1995) socio-cognitive approach of domain analysis is related to the epistemology of pragmatism or activity theory and prefers a methodological collectivism: ...
Thesis
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This dissertation is concerned with a systematic organization of the epistemological dimension of human knowledge in terms of viewpoints and methods. In particular, it will be explored to what extent the well-known organizing principle of integrative levels that presents a developmental hierarchy of complexity and integration can be applied for a basic classification of viewpoints or epistemic outlooks. The central thesis pursued in this investigation is that an adequate analysis of such epistemic contexts requires tools that allow to compare and evaluate divergent or even conflicting frames of reference according to context-transcending standards and criteria. This task demands a theoretical and methodological foundation that avoids the limitation of radical contextualism and its inherent threat of a fragmentation of knowledge due to the alleged incommensurability of the underlying frames of reference. Based on Jürgen Habermas’s Theory of Communicative Action and his methodology of hermeneutic reconstructionism, it will be argued that epistemic pluralism does not necessarily imply epistemic relativism and that a systematic organization of the multiplicity of perspectives can benefit from already existing models of cognitive development as reconstructed in research fields like psychology, social sciences, and humanities. The proposed cognitive-developmental approach to knowledge organization aims to contribute to a multi-perspective knowledge organization by offering both analytical tools for cross-cultural comparisons of knowledge organization systems (e.g., Seven Epitomes and Dewey Decimal Classification) and organizing principles for context representation that help to improve the expressiveness of existing documentary languages (e.g., Integrative Levels Classification). Additionally, the appendix includes an extensive compilation of conceptions and models of Integrative Levels of Knowing from a broad multidisciplinary field.
... In the field of disciplinary research, domain analysis methods are often used to study the information structure of disciplinary knowledge, such as the knowledge scale, knowledge organization and citation mode (Hjørland 1997(Hjørland , 2017. Domain analysis was formulated by Hjørland and Albrechtsen (1995) as a new approach to information science or library and information science and has been studied for more than two decades. Hjørland and Albrechtsen (1995) defined domains as "thought or discourse communities, which are parts of society's division of labor". ...
... Domain analysis was formulated by Hjørland and Albrechtsen (1995) as a new approach to information science or library and information science and has been studied for more than two decades. Hjørland and Albrechtsen (1995) defined domains as "thought or discourse communities, which are parts of society's division of labor". Smiraglia (2012) provided a definition of a domain as "a group with an ontological base that reveals an underlying teleology, a set of common hypotheses, epistemological consensus on methodological approaches, and social semantics". ...
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Tourism e-commerce is a multidisciplinary research area that involves tourism management and e-commerce. This paper provides a review of 1960 scientific studies published over the past two decades (1999-2018). This study presents a multidisciplinary comparative study, namely, a systematic review of tourism e-commerce, aiming to provide a reference guide for researchers. Under the methodological framework of a domain analysis, this paper analysed the scientific outputs and visualized the co-cited references, burst keywords, keyword co-occurrences and topic characteristics of journals. The results show that the tourism management discipline represents the main body of tourism e-commerce research and that this research demonstrates a rapid growth trend consistent with overall research. There are two main clusters of representative co-cited references in the tourism management discipline. However, in the e-commerce discipline, the distribution of co-cited references is scattered, lacking obvious cluster characteristics. The keyword co-occurrences in both disciplines present four themes, including network and information technology, consumer behaviour and social media as common themes. Tourism management journals can be divided into two categories, while e-commerce journals can be divided into three categories. Overall, the findings of this study can benefit researchers and practitioners.
... When approaching this subject and its nuances, it is important to comprehend the complexity of the scientific construction and the dynamics of the constitution of a domain. Hjørland and Albrechtsen (1995) state that the way we communicate and organize knowledge, information systems, and the relevance criteria is reflected in the scientific community. In that sense, the study of researchers' intellectual foundation contributes to the understanding of the epistemological consolidation of the area, as Barité (2001) states by proposing a set of premises in KO. ...
... The concept of discourse communities was presented by Hjørland and Albrechtsen (1995) when they discussed the domain analyses paradigm. They state that "the best way to understand information in IS is to study the knowledge-domains as thought or discourse communities, which are parts of society's division of labor". ...
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This study aims to analyze the intellectual foundation of the literature on knowledge organization published from 1972 to 2018 by authors enrolled in the Research Productivity Fellowship from Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, in Brazil. The corpus of analysis is composed of 166 papers indexed in Base de Dados Referencial de Artigos de Periódicos em Ciência da Informação, which is a database that gathers the scientific literature published in Information Science journals in Brazil. It is an exploratory study that uses citation analysis as the methodological procedure, through author co-citation analysis and author bibliographic coupling. Fujita is identified as the most productive author, with 18 articles. Dahlberg is the most cited author, with 53 citations. The highest frequency of author co-citation is between Hjørland and Dahlberg; Tálamo and Kobashi. They are the seminal authors to the Brazilian scientists studied in this paper. The strongest relationships in the author bibliographic coupling network are between Lara and Bufrem, Lara and Guimarães, and Bufrem and Fujita. They cited 9 authors in common in the papers analyzed in this research. The conclusion is that there is an influence of European literature among the scientists addressed in this study. The results indicate the possibility of developing diachronic studies on the continuing influences of cited authors, especially from seminal authors, to analyze their permanence or transience over time.
... No âmbito da Ciência da Informação, um domínio pode ser compreendido como uma comunidade discursiva ou de pensamento que partilha as atividades em uma sociedade (Mai, 2005;Albrechtsen, 1995). A linguagem, os critérios de relevância, a estrutura de trabalho, os padrões de cooperação e as formas de organização e comunicação do conhecimento, refletem os objetos de trabalho de uma comunidade (domínio) e do seu papel na sociedade Albrechtsen, 1995). ...
... No âmbito da Ciência da Informação, um domínio pode ser compreendido como uma comunidade discursiva ou de pensamento que partilha as atividades em uma sociedade (Mai, 2005;Albrechtsen, 1995). A linguagem, os critérios de relevância, a estrutura de trabalho, os padrões de cooperação e as formas de organização e comunicação do conhecimento, refletem os objetos de trabalho de uma comunidade (domínio) e do seu papel na sociedade Albrechtsen, 1995). ...
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Resumo Esta pesquisa tem por objetivo analisar os referenciais teóricos presentes nos artigos científicos dos pesquisadores bolsistas de produtividade em pesquisa (PQ) da área da Ciência da Informação do CNPq, que também são membros da International Society of Knowledge Organization (ISKO) Brasil, publicados no período de 2012 a 2016, a fim de compreender a dinâmica cientifica dos pesquisadores da elite cientifica brasileira que estuda a Organização do Conhecimento. Como referencial metodológico, adota-se a Análise de Domínio, por meio da análise bibliométrica. Para cada um dos 18 pesquisadores pertencentes ao domínio analisado, recuperaram-se os artigos que continham o termo "organização do conhecimento" em seu título ou palavras-chave. Entre os resultados obtidos, destaca-se Birger Hjørland como o autor mais citado, evidenciando a proximidade teórica do domínio de pesquisadores PQ membros da ISKO Brasil com este autor. Ainda, a presença do pesquisador José Augusto Chaves Guimarães como membro tanto do domínio analisado quanto do conjunto de autores mais citados. Por fim, visualizou-se, por meio das redes, a proximidade cientifica entre os pesquisadores analisados, assim como entre seus referenciais teóricos. Abstract This research aims to analyze the theoretical references present in the scientific articles published by CNPq Research Productivity Scholars (PQ) researchers, who are also members of the International Society of Knowledge Organization (ISKO) Brazil, in the period from 2012 to 2016, in order to understand the scientific dynamics of the researchers of the Brazilian elite that studies the Knowledge Organization. As a methodological reference, Domain Analysis is adopted through bibliometric analysis. For each of the 18 researchers belonging to the analyzed domain, articles containing the term "knowledge organization" in their title or keywords were retrieved. Among the results obtained, Birger Hjørland stands out as the most cited author, evidencing the theoretical proximity of the ISKO Brazil members and PQ researchers domain with this author. Also, the presence of the researcher José Augusto Chaves Guimarães as a member of both the analyzed domain and the group of authors most cited. Finally, through the networks, the scientific proximity between the researchers analyzed was visualized, as well as among their theoretical references.
... No âmbito da Ciência da Informação, um domínio pode ser compreendido como uma comunidade discursiva ou de pensamento que partilha as atividades em uma sociedade (Mai, 2005;Albrechtsen, 1995). A linguagem, os critérios de relevância, a estrutura de trabalho, os padrões de cooperação e as formas de organização e comunicação do conhecimento, refletem os objetos de trabalho de uma comunidade (domínio) e do seu papel na sociedade Albrechtsen, 1995). ...
... No âmbito da Ciência da Informação, um domínio pode ser compreendido como uma comunidade discursiva ou de pensamento que partilha as atividades em uma sociedade (Mai, 2005;Albrechtsen, 1995). A linguagem, os critérios de relevância, a estrutura de trabalho, os padrões de cooperação e as formas de organização e comunicação do conhecimento, refletem os objetos de trabalho de uma comunidade (domínio) e do seu papel na sociedade Albrechtsen, 1995). ...
... Domain analysis is a proposal developed by Hjørland and Albrechtsen (1995), being conceptually deepened by other studies in the course of subsequent years (Hjørland 2017 Smiraglia (2015) states that the KO paradigm encompasses domain analysis as a way of visualizing the emergence and coherence of a domain and as a way of mastering the parameters of the universe in which this domain operates. ...
... For Hjørland and Albrechtsen (1995), the object of domain analysis is the development of collective information and knowledge structures. For the authors, each domain has its particularities, its ideological discourses and for this reason, they cannot be treated as similar. ...
Article
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A avaliação de projetos de construção visa medir o quão sustentáveis são os ambientes construídos e isso é importante para salvar o meio ambiente de uma deterioração crescente. Porém, a maioria das tarefas de avaliação são realizadas em ferramentas diferentes, em todas as fases da construção e até manualmente, consumindo tempo e aumentando a possibilidade de erros. O problema de pesquisa é verificar como o uso de tecnologias semânticas representaria uma alternativa vantajosa, em relação ao estado da arte, para analisar, sistematizar e organizar informações do domínio dos projetos de construção, acelerando o processo de avaliação. São apresentados os conceitos por trás de um experimento que emprega tecnologias semânticas e uma ontologia de domínio para integrar dados de projetos BIM (Building Information Modeling) e outros dados tabulares externos ao projeto para automatizar as tarefas de certificação LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design). Para produzir o protótipo deste experimento, dados de um projeto BIM e dados tabulados abertos da cidade de Belo Horizonte são semanticamente anotados e um gráfico de conhecimento é gerado em formato RDF. Depois de integrados ao gráfico, os dados são usados para avaliar os critérios de certificação por meio de consultas. Os resultados sugerem que a análise de domínio associada às tecnologias semânticas promove a extensibilidade conceitual dos elementos construtivos, possibilitando sua integração com bases de conhecimento externas. Outra vantagem é a organização conceitual dos dados com o objetivo de melhorar as tarefas de recuperação de informações relevantes.
... To gain credibility, this category of users attempts to establish dialogues with people of dissimilar interests by attempting to allure non-spammers into befriending them or by carrying out hashtag hijacking or bulk messaging of a specific topic or a wide range of topics [1,4]. Topics of interest are particular areas of an individual's work, expertise, or specialisation within the scope of subject-matter knowledge such as science, politics, sports, education etc. [5][6][7]. This implies that a user's credibility in OSNs is topic-driven; users can be trustworthy and reliable in one or few topics, yet this does not apply to other topics of interest. ...
Preprint
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The communication revolution has perpetually reshaped the means through which people send and receive information. Social media is an important pillar of this revolution and has brought profound changes to various aspects of our lives. However, the open environment and popularity of these platforms inaugurate windows of opportunities for various cyber threats, thus social networks have become a fertile venue for spammers and other illegitimate users to execute their malicious activities. These activities include phishing hot and trendy topics and posting a wide range of contents in many topics. Hence, it is crucial to continuously introduce new techniques and approaches to detect and stop this category of users. This paper proposes a novel and effective approach to detect social spammers. An investigation into several attributes to measure topic-dependent and topic-independent users' behaviours on Twitter is carried out. The experiments of this study are undertaken on various machine learning classifiers. The performance of these classifiers are compared and their effectiveness is measured via a number of robust evaluation measures. Further, the proposed approach is benchmarked against state-of-the-art social spam and anomalous detection techniques. These experiments report the effectiveness and utility of the proposed approach and embedded modules.
... A partir da abordagem de Beghtol (1998) sobre os sistemas de classificação de disciplinas; Buckland (2012) o conceito de objeto digital; Kleinberg (2017) os níveis integrativos e complexidade do conhecimento; e Hjorland (1995Hjorland ( , 2002 a análise de domínio, o presente trabalho visa analisar a representação do conhecimento no contexto da mudança climática e COVID-19, através do uso combinado da análise de domínio com as ferramentas cientométricas VOSviewer e CitNetexplorer, de maneira a perceber a emergência de domínios de conhecimento pós-disciplinares na organização do conhecimento. ...
Chapter
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VERONEZ JÚNIOR, Wilson Roberto; ALMEIDA, Carlos Candido de; MARTÍNEZ-ÁVILA, Daniel; TROITIÑO RODRÍGUEZ, Sonia Maria. Epistemologia Social e Organização do Conhecimento: contribuições as abordagens culturais. In: Silva, Carlos Guardado da, Revez, Jorge & Corujo, Luís (Eds.). (2021). Organização do Conhecimento no Horizonte 2030: Desenvolvimento Sustentável e Saúde: Atas do V Congresso ISKO Espanha-Portugal, Universidade de Lisboa.
... A partir da abordagem de Beghtol (1998) sobre os sistemas de classificação de disciplinas; Buckland (2012) o conceito de objeto digital; Kleinberg (2017) os níveis integrativos e complexidade do conhecimento; e Hjorland (1995Hjorland ( , 2002 a análise de domínio, o presente trabalho visa analisar a representação do conhecimento no contexto da mudança climática e COVID-19, através do uso combinado da análise de domínio com as ferramentas cientométricas VOSviewer e CitNetexplorer, de maneira a perceber a emergência de domínios de conhecimento pós-disciplinares na organização do conhecimento. ...
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VERONEZ JÚNIOR, Wilson Roberto; MARTÍNEZ-ÁVILA, Daniel; TROITIÑO RODRÍGUEZ, Sonia Maria. Arquivologia e Organização do Conhecimento: uma análise nos anais da Isko Brasil, Isko Internacional e Isko Ibérico. In: Silva, Carlos Guardado da, Revez, Jorge & Corujo, Luís (Eds.). (2021). Organização do Conhecimento no Horizonte 2030: Desenvolvimento Sustentável e Saúde: Atas do V Congresso ISKO Espanha-Portugal, Universidade de Lisboa. Faculdade de Letras, 25 e 26 de novembro de 2021. Lisboa: Centro de Estudos Clássicos, Colibri. (CA – Ciência Aberta ; 1) ISBN 978-989-566-137-4 CDU 025.4(063)
... The domain of knowledge is a particular area of people's work, expertise, or specialisation within the scope of subject-matter knowledge (e.g. Sports, Politics, Information Technology, Education, Art and Entertainments, etc.) [75]. In online social services, the domains of interest can be determined at the user level and at the post level. ...
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The emergence of online social media services has made a qualitative leap and brought profound changes to various aspects of human, cultural, intellectual, and social life. These significant Big data tributaries have further transformed the businesses processes by establishing convergent and transparent dialogues between businesses and their customers. Therefore, analysing the flow of social data content is necessary in order to enhance business practices, to augment brand awareness, to develop insights on target markets, to detect and identify positive and negative customer sentiments, etc., thereby achieving the hoped-for added value. This chapter presents an overview of Social Big Data term and definition. This chapter also lays the foundation for several applications and analytics that are broadly discussed in this book.
... La presente investigación sigue un doble abordaje metodológico cuanti-cualitativo, el primero propio de los estudios métricos y el segundo siguiendo el paradigma de análisis de dominio en la organización del conocimiento (HJØRLAND; ALBRECHTSEN, 1995;HJØRLAND, 2002HJØRLAND, , 2017SMIRAGLIA, 2015). La obtención de datos se realizó tras la búsqueda y recuperación de los registros bibliográficos con la expresión "hate speech" en los campos título, resumen y palabras clave del recurso Web of Science (WoS) Core Collection, para el tipo documental artículo y limitando el periodo temporal a 2009-2018. ...
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El objetivo de esta investigación es identificar los patrones y tendencias en la estructura científica internacional sobre discursos de odio. Revela la red de colaboración científica, la estructura de cocitación, las áreas de conocimiento con las que está vinculado el tema y las materias que marcan las tendencias en este dominio. Se recuperaron los 411 artículos científicos que contienen la expresión “hate speech” en los campos título, resumen y palabras clave de la Web of Science Core Collection, periodo 2009-2018. Los programas Bibexcel versión 2017 y Pajek para el análisis y visualización de las redes de cocitación y colaboración; y Latent Dirichlet Allocation como técnica de procesamiento de lenguaje natural en los campos títulos, resúmenes y palabras claves. Los resultados muestran un significante aumento de publicaciones a partir de 2013 y un pico en 2018. Se revelaron los autores, países y fuentes más productivas, así como las redes de coautoría y cocitación de esta producción. El Análisis de Redes Sociales mostró que a pesar de que la presencia de discursos del odio en aún incipiente en la literatura científica existe un fuerte núcleo teórico sobre la temática que está siendo frecuentemente citado por la comunidad académica internacional.
... Software engineers were the first to use the qualitative empirical framework known as domain analysis in their interdisciplinary field, as they design software for a wide variety of specific purposes and therefore have to interact with various stakeholders within their own field and throughout the professional areas of their clients (Laganière, n.d.) who might work in service to any field from accounting to language education. Other fields that similarly span disciplines and contexts and therefore use domain analysis include information science (Hjørland & Albrechtsen, 1995;Robinson, 2009;Smiraglia & López-Huertas, 2015), distance education (Bozkurt, 2019), and curriculum analysis and evaluation (White, 2001). ...
Article
This conceptual article examines current approaches to languages for specific purposes (LSP) course design, including the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) backward design model and needs assessments, then explains domain analysis and its history before proceeding with a “how-to” for using domain analysis in backward design for LSP. The authors walk through the process of conducting research using the domain analysis framework that leads to the development of real-world proficiency targets that can be systematically assessed. Once summative proficiency tasks and tests are developed, evidence-centered curricular (re)design can take place. Throughout, the authors will provide illustrative examples from two larger research projects on Spanish for social work and legal Spanish.
... A társadalmi-kognitív paradigma alapja a szakterületi elemzés, amely azt a -már említett és széles körben elfogadott -nézetet erősíti meg, amelyik szerint a könyvtártudomány társadalomtudomány. Ez a paradigma szakít az információ felhasználóinak individualisztikus és szubjektív felfogásával (Hjørland-Albrechtsen 1995). A fenti fordulatok és paradigmák mellett beszélhetünk rendszerparadigmáról, felhasználói paradigmáról, a viselkedési, az információs és a bibliometriai paradigmáról is (Bawden-Robinson 2012). ...
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A könyvtártudománynak – többek között – az is tárgya, hogy megvizsgálja, miként tudjuk pozitív irányba befolyásolni a tág értelemben vett hálózati infrastruktúra fejlődését. A digitális bölcsészet nélkülözhetetlen része annak alapos megismerése, hogy milyen kölcsönös, egymást formáló viszony van a technológia és az emberi szükségletek között. Ennek az állításnak, – amelynek nyomán arra a következtetésre juthatunk, hogy a két szakterület az információ tudománya is – igazolása végett a cikk bemutatja a könyvtár-tudomány és digitális bölcsészet jellemzőit. Mivel az információ fogalmának jobb meg-ismerése létfontosságú ehhez, az információ számos szemléltét bemutatja a szerző.
... Hjørland, em sua abordagem orientada ao domínio (HJØRLAND; ALBRECHTSEN, 1995), aponta que as "ferramentas, conceitos, significados, estruturas de informação, necessidades de informação e critérios de relevância são moldados em comunidade de discursos" (HJØRLAND, 2002, p. 258). Por comunidades de discursos, o autor as define como aquelas nas quais ocorre um processo de comunicação ordenado e delimitado (HJØRLAND, 2002). ...
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Estudos Avançados em Organização do Conhecimento Trabalhos apresentados no V Congresso Brasileiro Em Organização e Representação do Conhecimento, do Capítulo Brasileiro da ISKO
... Para reusar dados existentes, é preciso explicitar vários elementos e aspectos da relevância, tais como: "conhecimento do assunto, literatura do assunto, qualquer outra representação linguística ou simbólica, fonte, especialmente o arquivo ou arquivos, destino, especialmente o arquivo ou arquivos, sistemas de informação, ambientes, realidades, funções e valores" (SARACEVIC, 1975, p. 326, tradução nossa Consequentemente, é importante a análise de comunidades discursivas nas quais seus membros desenvolvem processos cognitivos específicos em relação à organização do conhecimento, aliados à identificação da necessidade de informação, estrutura, padrões de cooperação, linguagem e formas de comunicação (HJØRLAND; ALBRECHTSEN, 1995). Isto significa dizer que os SOC construídos com a finalidade de gestão e curadoria de dados devem considerar a terminologia própria do domínio do dado gerado. ...
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Objetivo: Evidenciar a relevância da recuperação de informação de fontes de dados de terceiros para reuso com propósito de alcançar os Objetivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável no Brasil. Método: Desenvolve-se pesquisa exploratória e descritiva de cunho bibliográfico e documental, inspirada nos autores Saracevic e Hjørland, para abordar as noções de relevância aplicadas aos conceitos de metadados e dados de pesquisa e nos processos de representação, recuperação e reuso desses dados, reflete-se qualitativamente sobre conceitos e fenômenos e analisa-se documentos nacionais que contemplem resultados sobre o desenvolvimento sustentável no Brasil e internacionais que possibilitem o reuso de dados. Resultado: Salienta-se que o reuso de dados de pesquisa científica está assinalado na metodologia dos assuntos apresentados no Relatório Luz 2020 sobre a Agenda 2030 do Grupo de Trabalho da Sociedade Civil e que o Relatório da Oliver Wyman aponta serem as fontes de dados de terceiros, um complemento essencial para os dados tradicionais coletados pelas Organizações Nacionais de Estatística. Conclusões: A partir dos resultados assinalados, constata-se a necessidade dos dados de pesquisa serem registrados em plataformas de gestão de dados para reuso e a importância do conhecimento prévio do assunto para obtenção de resultados relevantes e eficazes na recuperação da informação para constatação de resultados rumo à Agenda 2030.
... However, the granularity of fields of research may be too coarse for interpreting finer, disciplinary patterns of data use within domain archives. Adopting other domain analysis approaches could enhance our understanding of scientific knowledge production (Hjørland & Albrechtsen, 1995). In addition, we could compare the reuse of curated social science data ICPSR to self-archived data (e.g., from the Dutch National Centre of Expertise and Repository for Research Data: DANS). ...
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Data archives are an important source of high quality data in many fields, making them ideal sites to study data reuse. By studying data reuse through citation networks, we are able to learn how hidden research communities - those that use the same scientific datasets - are organized. This paper analyzes the community structure of an authoritative network of datasets cited in academic publications, which have been collected by a large, social science data archive: the Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR). Through network analysis, we identified communities of social science datasets and fields of research connected through shared data use. We argue that communities of exclusive data reuse form subdivisions that contain valuable disciplinary resources, while datasets at a "crossroads" broadly connect research communities. Our research reveals the hidden structure of data reuse and demonstrates how interdisciplinary research communities organize around datasets as shared scientific inputs. These findings contribute new ways of describing scientific communities in order to understand the impacts of research data reuse.
... Metodológicamente el trabajo hace uso de técnicas bibliométricas para analizar el dominio de la curación digital, con especial énfasis en el rol, contribuciones y características de las mujeres dentro de la comunidad epistémica que conforma el dominio analizado. El análisis de dominio, como paradigma teórico-epistemológico, fue introducido en la ciencia de la información en 1995 (Hjørland & Albrechtsen, 1995). Posteriormente, Hjørland (2002;2017) listó la bibliometría como una de las formas de aproximarse al análisis de dominio y ha sido trabajada de forma satisfactoria en numerosos estudios (Smiraglia, 2015) El presente trabajo utiliza la bibliometría para analizar el dominio de la "curación digital" con base en la producción científica en el periodo 2007-2020. ...
Chapter
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El mundo de las presencias es simulado, presentado y representado en el medio digital. En el contexto de la comunicación digital-virtual, y a partir de las recientes transformaciones en sus soportes, las colecciones multimodales de información pasan a un estado en el que el acceso de los sujetos informacionales a la información se puede facilitar y ampliar. En tal universo, la información y los datos representados necesitan tratamientos conceptuales y técnicos que respeten la naturaleza y las particularidades de los medios y de los lenguajes que transitan por ellos. Además, al ser procesados en un medio frágil como es el digital, la información codificada para medios electrónicos también requiere de procedimientos y cuidados dirigidos a su preservación integral. En la Ciencia de la Información, el conjunto de procedimientos continuos e iterativos destinados a satisfacer las demandas de atención para optimizar el acceso y la preservación se denomina Curación Digital: un complejo de procesos que van desde el design inicial y conceptualización hasta la designación de metadatos, la evaluación de decisiones de preservación o descarte, la transformación, el acceso, el intercambio y la reevaluación de objetos digitales. En temas relacionados con el género, la necesidad de la Curación Digital de la información presentada en medios electrónicos se torna urgente, dados los dramáticos hechos que preocupan por la falta de información, o por la desinformación, en los múltiples territorios que abarca el concepto. En ellos, la información debe ser procesada con el propósito sociocultural de realizar la creación de estrategias e instrumentos para superar los innumerables desafíos e injusticias presentes.
... Metodológicamente el trabajo hace uso de técnicas bibliométricas para analizar el dominio de la curación digital, con especial énfasis en el rol, contribuciones y características de las mujeres dentro de la comunidad epistémica que conforma el dominio analizado. El análisis de dominio, como paradigma teórico-epistemológico, fue introducido en la ciencia de la información en 1995 (Hjørland & Albrechtsen, 1995). Posteriormente, Hjørland (2002; listó la bibliometría como una de las formas de aproximarse al análisis de dominio y ha sido trabajada de forma satisfactoria en numerosos estudios (Smiraglia, 2015) El presente trabajo utiliza la bibliometría para analizar el dominio de la "curación digital" con base en la producción científica en el periodo 2007-2020. ...
... To gain credibility, this category of users attempts to establish dialogues with people of dissimilar interests by attempting to allure non-spammers into befriending them or by carrying out hashtag hijacking or bulk messaging of a specific topic or a wide range of topics [1,4]. Topics of interest are particular areas of an individual's work, expertise, or specialisation within the scope of subject-matter knowledge such as science, politics, sports, education etc. [5][6][7]. This implies that a user's credibility in OSNs is topic-driven; users can be trustworthy and reliable in one or few topics, yet this does not apply to other topics of interest. ...
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The communication revolution has perpetually reshaped the means through which people send and receive information. Social media is an important pillar of this revolution and has brought profound changes to various aspects of our lives. However, the open environment and popularity of these platforms inaugurate windows of opportunities for various cyber threats, thus social networks have become a fertile venue for spammers and other illegitimate users to execute their malicious activities. These activities include phishing hot and trendy topics and posting a wide range of contents in many topics. Hence, it is crucial to continuously introduce new techniques and approaches to detect and stop this category of users. This article proposes a novel and effective approach to detect social spammers. An investigation into several attributes to measure topic-dependent and topic-independent users’ behaviours on Twitter is carried out. The experiments of this study are undertaken on various machine learning classifiers. The performance of these classifiers is compared and their effectiveness is measured via a number of robust evaluation measures. Furthermore, the proposed approach is benchmarked against state-of-the-art social spam and anomalous detection techniques. These experiments report the effectiveness and utility of the proposed approach and embedded modules.
... However, the granularity of fields of research may be too coarse for interpreting finer, disciplinary patterns of data use within domain archives. Adopting other domain analysis approaches could enhance our understanding of scientific knowledge production (Hjørland & Albrechtsen, 1995). In addition, we could compare the reuse of curated social science data at ICPSR to self-archived data (e.g., from the Dutch National Centre of Expertise and Repository for Research Data: DANS). ...
Article
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Data archives are an important source of high-quality data in many fields, making them ideal sites to study data reuse. By studying data reuse through citation networks, we are able to learn how hidden research communities – those that use the same scientific datasets – are organized. This paper analyzes the community structure of an authoritative network of datasets cited in academic publications, which have been collected by a large, social science data archive: the Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR). Through network analysis, we identified communities of social science datasets and fields of research connected through shared data use. We argue that communities of exclusive data reuse form “subdivisions” that contain valuable disciplinary resources, while datasets at a “crossroads” broadly connect research communities. Our research reveals the hidden structure of data reuse and demonstrates how interdisciplinary research communities organize around datasets as shared scientific inputs. These findings contribute new ways of describing scientific communities in order to understand the impacts of research data reuse. Peer Review https://publons.com/publon/10.1162/qss_a_00209
... El análisis teórico metodológico de las dimensiones Estudio bibliométrico y Estructura y comunicación científica planteados por Hjorland & Albrechtsen (1995) como enfoques del análisis de dominio, permitieron construir una propuesta analítica viable para el análisis del desempeño científico de un dominio institucional universitario. La aplicación simultánea de indicadores desde las perspectivas de ambos enfoques en un mismo estudio supone una perspectiva enriquecedora para los estudios de la ciencia. ...
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Objetivo. Analizar aspectos teórico- metodológicos y, a partir del análisis del análisis de dominio, plantear una propuesta metodológica para evaluar dominios científicos universitarios. Diseño/Metodología/Enfoque. La presente investigación profundiza en aspectos teórico- metodológicos del paradigma analítico planteado por Hjorland & Albrechtsen (1995) y partir de dos enfoques del análisis de dominio se exponen las ventajas de ambas perspectivas en la investigación de la actividad científica universitaria. Resultados/Discusión. Se identifican el esquema de indicadores enmarcados en los enfoques Estudios bibliométricos y Estructuras e instituciones en la comunicación científica. Conclusiones. Los dominios científicos institucionales requieren una mirada holística en el proceso de análisis del desempeño científico. De manera que la perspectiva de ambos enfoques del análisis de dominio proporciona elementos que permiten comprender realmente el perfil científico de una institución. Originalidad/Valor. La propuesta metodológica basada en 2 de los enfoques del análisis de dominio para tipificar el perfil científico de una institución universitaria, constituye una herramienta de análisis para la evaluación científica.
... For example, a person's domain knowledge usually implies extensive training and professional experience. In information science, a domain of knowledge refers to the community of ideas or discourse that arises from the cognitive division of labor in science (Hjørland & Albrechtsen, 1995). As such, and because of its status as an institution in the academic community, it is often equated with the knowledge base of a discipline. ...
Article
To date, most studies in scientometric map and track the main topics in a knowledge domain by measuring publications in core journals or keyword searches in databases. The present study instead proposes a novel metrics in which a knowledge domain is mapped and tracked via articles that cite the same openly accessible dataset. We retrieved 1,537 journal articles citing the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add‐Health) as the basis for an investigation of the major research topics associated with this dataset and how they evolved over time. To identify the primary research interests associated with the dataset, co‐word network modularity analysis was used. Another novel aspect of this study is that it juxtaposes the research topics identified by the co‐word approach with those generated by topic modeling: an approach that complements network modularity analysis, and allows for cross‐referencing between the results of these two methods. Keyness analysis was also performed to identify significant keywords in different time periods, which enables tracing of research interests in Add‐Health as they evolve. The methodological implications of using data citation as the basis for delineating a knowledge domain and techniques for its mapping are also discussed.
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Objetivo: apresenta indicadores de produção científica brasileira em Economia Política da Informação (EPI) na área de Ciência da Informação (CI). Destaca os canais de comunicação científica, autores mais produtivos, palavras-chave e autores mais referenciados por eles. Método: realiza análise bibliométrica com dados levantados na Base de Dados Referenciais de Artigos de Periódicos em Ciência da Informação (Brapci) e no Repertório da Produção Periódica Brasileira de Ciência da Informação (RPPBCI), por meio do descritor de busca “economia política” e recorte temporal entre 1972 e 2018. Extrai e organiza os metadados das publicações em planilhas eletrônicas e matriz para análise. Apresenta os resultados em ilustrações de grafo, gráfico treemap e tabela. Resultado: constata, com fundamento na Lei de Bradford que categoriza a produtividade dos periódicos em três zonas segundo o critério de quantidade de publicações, que o periódico científico “Liinc em Revista” se encontra na zona de maior produtividade. Observa que metade dos autores mais produtivos teve a si mesmo como o mais referenciado. Conclusões: conclui que os indicadores de produção ainda são incipientes, assim como as bases teóricas consensuais e problemas abordados nas pesquisas em Ciência da Informação. Ressalta, entretanto, o reconhecimento de pesquisadores atuantes e termos relacionados como pertinentes ao conhecimento de uma subárea cujo lugar segue em construção neste campo científico. É importante destacar o periódico Revista Eletrônica Internacional de Economia Política da Informação, da Comunicação e da Cultura, ainda que não indexada nas bases estudadas.
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This poster will describe a dissertation project that consisted of a questionnaire and interview phase followed by a focus group and semi structured diary phase. This project investigated the theory‐to‐practice gap in seeing information literacy as a socially constructed practice among academic instruction librarians. Phase one consisted of 17 interviews that were coded and analyzed using grounded theory approaches. The second phase of the research introduced the resulting grounded theory to new participants. The participants then took part in two focus groups, one at the start of the semester and one at the end of the fall 2021 semester. Between the two focus groups participants completed semi structured diary entries related to their instruction sessions. Grounded theory approaches were used to modify the original theory into the current iteration.
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Apresenta as contribuições de Derek Wilton Langridge e Douglas John Foskett para inovações disruptivas no âmbito da Organização do Conhecimento, com foco nos sistemas de organização do conhecimento nas Ciências Humanas e Sociais. A inovação disruptiva no domínio da Organização do Conhecimento provoca a quebra de paradigmas e modelos de organização e representação do conhecimento por meio de instrumentos inovadores para satisfazer as necessidades de usuários na recuperação de informação. Este trabalho tem como objetivo apresentar as contribuições de Derek Wilton Langridge e Douglas John Foskett para inovações disruptivas nos aspectos culturais da Organização do Conhecimento e sua influência nos Sistemas de Organização do Conhecimento por meio da análise de domínio e da análise de conteúdo. A abordagem metodológica utilizada nos permitiu evidenciar que Foskett e Langridge com suas obras seminais contribuíram para a teoria, a prática, o ensino e o desenvolvimento da Organização do Conhecimento enquanto um domínio de conhecimento bem como para a construção de esquemas de classificação especializados nas Ciências Humanas e Sociais que são a base dos Estudos Culturais.
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O desenvolvimento de abordagens mais maduras em estudos metateóricos auxiliam na eficácia da aplicação e integração interdisciplinar de teorias em pesquisas no âmbito das Ciências Sociais. Tendo isso, o objetivo geral desse estudo, é compreender por meio da metateoria, as teorias aplicadas na classificação de voz da Classificação Decimal de Dewey (CDD). Para tal, foram estabelecidos os seguintes objetivos específicos: a) realizar revisão bibliográfica sobre a metateoria para compreendê-la e aplicá-la como método na presente pesquisa; b) investigar por meio da metateoria, as primeiras classificações sobre vozes a fim de compreender a(s) teoria(s) utilizada(s) pela música; c) comparar e discutir a classificação de voz da CDD a partir do olhar da(s) teoria(s) da música. Conclui-se que as descrições de vozes da CDD, partem do princípio da teoria da música, mas o modo como são categorizadas, além de disseminarem ideias pré-concebidas, não se sustentam ao olhar da teoria da classificação.
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Considering knowledge organization as a domain in a continuous process of theoretical-methodological consolidation, it becomes important to identify its epistemological configuration and “epistemic communities” in order to measure its impact on society and scholarship. As a reflection of the ISKO and knowledge organization activities, the Knowledge Organization (KO) journal was analysed for the period 1994-2014 in order to identify and characterise the core of researchers that the knowledge organization community consider as central and more impactful. In addition, we analysed the impact of this literature on the LIS scientific domain as a whole, by means of the presence of such literature also in scholarly journals other than KO. The results reveal that the consolidation process of the KO domain and the epistemic communities’ progress occur in a dynamic and well-balanced way with a strong and widespread impact on the LIS scientific context as a whole. The dynamic and evolving nature of these groups, with citations growing in number and new authors slowly emerging for each period, makes it possible to conclude that the ISKO epistemic communities and their impact are not only changing but also expanding
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A indexação é um importante processo em um Sistema de Recuperação da Informação (SRI), constituído de duas etapas: análise de assunto e tradução. Sabe-se que a literatura aponta a etapa de análise de assunto como um dos processos mais difíceis de serem realizados, pelo seu caráter subjetivo. Um importante fator que deve ser observado nesse processo é o contexto. O objetivo deste estudo é analisar os diferentes pontos de vista que a importância do contexto tem no processo de indexação, especificamente o contexto sociocognitivo. Esta pesquisa parte de um levantamento bibliográfico, caracterizando-se como exploratória e descritiva. Conclui-se que todas as abordagens apresentadas na literatura pressupõem que o processo de indexação sempre sofre influência sociocultural, e depende do contexto cultural e social específico do indexador e do usuário.
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