Detecting Hidden Differences via Permutation Symmetries

Physical Review A (Impact Factor: 2.81). 12/2006; 78(3). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.78.033832
Source: arXiv


We present a method for describing and characterizing the state of N
particles that may be distinguishable in principle but not in practice due to
experimental limitations. The technique relies upon a careful treatment of the
exchange symmetry of the state among experimentally accessible and
experimentally inaccessible degrees of freedom. The approach we present allows
a new formalisation of the notion of indistinguishability and can be
implemented easily using currently available experimental techniques. Our work
is of direct relevance to current experiments in quantum optics, for which we
provide a specific implementation.

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Available from: Morgan W. Mitchell, Oct 26, 2013
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