Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 01/2010; 107(3):183-188.


Summer feeding habit of the Indian Giant Flying Squirrel Petaurista philippensis was studied from March 2009 to June 2009 in Sitamata Wildlife Sanctuary. These squirrels are arboreal and entirely depend on plant material. Of 2,157 feeding records, 13 plant species from 10 families were identified in their feeding behaviour. Used food items were piths (58.59%), twigs (16.87%), leaves (5.09%), bark (2.64%), flowers (5.23%), buds (4.82%), fruits (6.44%) and seeds (0.27%). Mahuwa Madhuca longifolia was a predominant species in their feeding. They are early rising and use their early active time in feeding after which their activity lowers during night.

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Available from: Vijay Kumar Koli
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    • "Some records on beetles, larvae (Blanford 1891) and termites have been also recorded (Sharma and Sharma 2013). In tropical deciduous forests of western India, pith is most preferred (almost 78 % of the diet) plant part (Bhatnagar et al. 2010b; Koli et al. 2013b), while in the Rainforests of Western Ghats, fruits accounted about 48 % of its diet (Nandini and Parthasarathy 2008). As a pet, baby flying squirrels can be reared on goat's or cow's milk (Jerdon 1867). "
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    ABSTRACT: Flying squirrels are capable of gliding and one of the least known mammals of the world. Work on these animals is less and sporadic due to their crepuscular and cryptic habits. At the present scenario, a complete pilot study is in an urgent need to formulate conservation strategies and policies to conserve them in India. Therefore, a thorough review on biology and conservation status of flying squirrels in India is provided here. A total of 13 species of flying squirrels present in India i.e., Belomys pearsonii, Biswamoyopterus biswasi, Eupetaurus cinereus, Eoglaucomys fimbriatus, Hylopetes alboniger, Petaurista elegans, P. mishmiensis, P. magnificus, P. mechukaensis, P. nobilis, P. petaurista, P. philippensis and Petinomys fuscocapillus, wherein three are endemic to the country. P. philippensis has broader distribution and is found to be more studied than others. Eastern part of the country contains the highest species number (n = 10) follows three in northern part, two in southern part and one in western part subsequently. All species are facing threat to their population due to native habitat loss, degradation and hunting. Harmonization, alliances and partnership between various stakeholders along with better application of standard techniques would be strengthen to develop conservation strategies and implementing their coordinated actions could preserve flying squirrels’ future in the country landscape.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015
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    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society
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    ABSTRACT: Distribution and status of Indian Giant Flying Squirrel (Petaurista philippensis Elliot) have been assessed in the state of Rajasthan, India. A total of 1,704 km surveys were made in southern Rajasthan from January 2009 to June 2011. A total of 86 flying squirrels were encountered at 39 sites of 4 districts and mainly concentrated in protected areas. The overall encounter rate was 0.05 animals/ km. Petaurista philippensis was found to be natural cavity dweller and mostly nested on Madhuca longifolia. Hunting, cultural traditions, myths and construction of national highway were found major potent factors for decline flying squirrels’ population.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2013 · National Academy Science Letters
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