Effects of different dosages and modes of sodium bicarbonate administration during cardiopulmonary resuscitation

ArticleinAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine 10(6):525-32 · December 1992with4 Reads
DOI: 10.1016/0735-6757(92)90176-X · Source: PubMed
Systemic acidosis occurs during cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The present study investigated the effect of different modes of sodium bicarbonate administration on blood gas parameters during CPR. Arterial and venous blood gases were obtained during 10 minutes of CPR which was preceded by 3 minutes of unassisted ventricular fibrillation in 36 dogs. Following 1 minute of CPR, the animals received one of four treatments in a randomized and blinded manner: normal saline (NS), sodium bicarbonate bolus dose 1 mEq/kg (B), sodium bicarbonate continuous infusion 0.1 mEq/kg/min (I), and sodium bicarbonate bolus dose (0.5 mEq/kg) plus continuous infusion 0.1 mEq/kg/min (L+I). Eleven dogs completed NS, 8 B, 8 I, and 9 L+I protocol. Following NS infusion, both arterial and venous pH declined consistently over time. Significant differences compared with NS treatment in venous pH were observed at 12 minutes of ventricular fibrillation (L+I, 7.27 +/- 0.05; NS, 7.15 +/- 0.05; B, 7.20 +/- 0.05; I, 7.24 +/- 0.04, each bicarbonate treatment versus NS, and L+I versus B, (P < .05). The B group had an elevated venous PCO2 (mm Hg) concentration following 6 minutes of ventricular fibrillation compared with NS, L+I, and I groups (81 +/- 14 versus 69 +/- 10 versus 68 +/- 10 versus 71 +/- 8, respectively, (P = .07). Arterial pH and PCO2 values showed a similar trend as the venous data with the L+I group demonstrating arterial alkalosis (pH > 7.45) at 12 minutes of ventricular fibrillation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
February 1994 · Pharmacotherapy · Impact Factor: 2.66
    We evaluated the effect of frequent, early bolus administration of low-dose sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) on blood gas values during ventricular fibrillation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) compared with normal saline and standard bolus doses of NaHCO3. This was a randomized laboratory investigation involving 13 mongrel dogs and 18 experiments (5 dogs were used in a crossover manner).... [Show full abstract]
    April 1996 · Pharmacotherapy · Impact Factor: 2.66
      We attempted to determine the effect of extreme alkalemia induced by highdose sodium bicarbonate on the vasopressor effects of epinephrine during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Subjects in this randomized, blinded study performed in a controlled laboratory environment were 12 mongrel dogs that had had a previous episode of CPR. Each dog underwent 3 minutes of ventricular fibrillation... [Show full abstract]
      January 1990 · Critical Care Medicine · Impact Factor: 6.31
        Previous studies have indicated that methoxamine (an alpha adrenergic receptor agonist) may provide an advantage compared to epinephrine (a mixed alpha and beta adrenergic agonist) during cardiac arrest and CPR. To test this theory, we compared the effects of bolus injections of epinephrine vs. methoxamine on survival, hemodynamic variables, blood gases, and blood lactate concentrations during... [Show full abstract]
        March 1996 · American Journal of Emergency Medicine · Impact Factor: 1.27
          Delay in epinephrine administration during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) due to technical difficulties in obtaining an access site may be detrimental. To avoid this potential delay, we have previously shown that intranasal administration of phentolamine and epinephrine is a rapidly obtainable and feasible route of administration during CPR. A randomized blinded dose ranging study was... [Show full abstract]
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