Amnesic effect of oral midazolam as premedication in children
We evaluated the sedative and amnesic effects of oral midazolam as premedication in children. Sixteen children, aged 4-12 yr, undergoing elective minor surgery were divided into 2 groups. One group received midazolam 0.5 mg.kg-1 with atropine 0.03 mg.kg-1 orally. The other control group received only atropine 0.03 mg.kg-1. There was no significant difference in the sedative scale at induction between the 2 groups. Doll-recall was used to assess the amnesic effects. In the midazolam group, 75% of the children forgot dolls they had seen on entering the operating room. Midazolam produced significant anterograde amnesia but no retrograde amnesia. This result suggests that children who received midazolam as premedication forget unpleasant memories at induction and their postoperative emotional responses are least influenced by their memories. We conclude that oral midazolam 0.5 mg.kg-1 is an effective preanesthetic medication in children.
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