Differential effects of dipyrone, ibuprofen and paracetamol on experimentally-induced pain in man
In a double-blind cross-over study on 22 healthy subjects the analgesic efficacies of the antipyretic analgesic drugs ibuprofen, dipyrone and paracetamol were tested against placebo using a model of experimentally induced pain. To this purpose interdigital webs were pinched repeatedly for 2 min periods. The painfulness of these stimuli was assessed by the subjects on an electronically controlled visual analogue scale at 10 sec intervals. In addition to the subjective pain ratings the stimulus induced reflex diminution of the blood flow in the stimulated hand was measured with photoplethysmography and laser Doppler flow analysis. The flare response around the stimulated area was assessed with infrared thermography. In this assay system ibuprofen and dipyrone, but not paracetamol, showed statistically significant analgesic effects by preventing hyperalgesia which is normally induced by the repeated stimulation of a skin site. This hypoalgesic effect was not related to the subjective impression of the subjects of the analgesic potency of the respective drug. Sympathetic reflex vasoconstriction was not quantitatively related to the drug induced hypoalgesia. Ibuprofen and, to a minor extent, the other antipyretic analgesic drugs also diminished the stimulus induced flare reaction around the stimulated skin sites.
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