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New records of Larinus turbinatus Gyllenhal, 1835 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in the East Baltic region


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The weevil Larinus turbinatus Gyllenhal, 1835 is mentioned from Estonia, Lithuania and Kaliningrad Region (western Russia) for the first time. General information on its distribution and bionomy, and photos of habitus and rostrum of this species are presented.
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Acta Zoologica Lituanica, 2011, Volumen 21, Numerus 2
ISSN 1648-6919
DOI: 10.2478/v10043-011-0010-6
Maksims BALALAIKINS1, Vitaly I. ALEKSEEV2, Romas FERENCA3, 5, Vytautas TAMUTIS3, 4,
Andris BUKEJS1
¹Institute of Systematic Biology, Daugavpils University, Vienības St. 13, LV-5401 Daugavpils, Latvia.
²Department of Zootechny, Kaliningrad State Technical University, Sovetsky av. 1, 236000 Kaliningrad, Russia.
³Kaunas Tadas Ivanauskas Zoological Museum, Laisvės al. 106, LT-44253 Kaunas, Lithuania. E-mail:
4Lithuanian University of Agriculture, Studentų St. 11, Akademija, LT-53361 Kaunas distr., Lithuania. E-mail:
5Nature Research Centre, Akademijos St. 2, LT-08412 Vilnius, Lithuania. E-mail:
Abstract. The weevil Larinus turbinatus Gyllenhal, 1835 is mentioned from Estonia, Lithuania and
Kaliningrad Region (western Russia) for the rst time. General information on its distribution and
bionomy, and photos of habitus and rostrum of this species are presented.
Key words: Curculionidae, Larinus turbinatus, Baltic region, new records
In t r o d u c t I o n
The weevil genus Larinus Dejean, 1821 is one of the
largest genera of Lixinae Schoenherr, 1823 subfamily,
belonging to the tribe Lixini Schoenherr, 1823, which
includes approximately 180 species (Csiki 1934;
Ter-Minassian 1967; Gültekin 2006; Skuhrovec &
Gosik 2011). These weevils occur in the Palearctic,
Afrotropical, Madagascar, India, Sumatra, Taiwan and
SE USA regions (Alonso-Zaragaza & Lyal 1999). Most
species (about 140) are known from the Palaearctic re-
gion (Gültekin 2006; Skuhrovec & Gosik 2011), among
which about 100 species live in Mediterranean areas
(Gültekin 2006), and 60 species are known in Europe
(Mazur 2001; Alonso-Zarazaga 2009; Skuhrovec &
Gosik 2011). 40 species occur in the Ethiopian region,
only three in the Oriental region, four species were
introduced to the Nearctic region (Smreczyński 1968;
McClay 1988; Gültekin 2006) and one to New Zealand
(Woodburn & Briese 1996; Gültekin 2006; Skuhrovec &
Gosik 2011). Only three species, L. iaceae (Fabri-
cius, 1775), L. planus (Fabricius, 1792) and L. sturnus
(Schaller, 1783), are mentioned from the Baltic region
in the catalogue ‘Enumeratio nova Coleopterorum
Fennoscandiae, Daniae et Baltiae’ (Silfverberg 2004).
Larinus (Phyllonomeus) turbinatus Gyllenhal, 1836 is
a Centralasiatic-Europeo-Mediterranean species distri-
buted from the central part of Europe (mainly southern
and central parts), the Caucasus, Asia Minor, Iran, and
North Africa to the central part of Asia and southern part
of W Siberia (Ter-Minassian 1967; Dieckmann 1983;
Burakowski et al. 1993; Alonso-Zarazaga 2009;
Skuhrovec & Gosik 2011). Hitherto in the Baltic region,
it has been known from Germany (Dieckmann 1983),
Belarus (Alexandrovich et al. 1996) and recently was
recorded in Latvia (Balalaikins & Bukejs 2011). The
species is stenotopic and thermophilous, associated with
xerothermic, psammophilous grassland communities,
pastures and ruderal vegetation (Koch 1992; Bura-
kowski et al. 1993). It is an oligophagous species de-
veloping on herbaceous plants from the genera Carduus
and Cirsium [Compositae] (Koch 1992; Burakowski et
al. 1993). Detailed information on biology and ecol-
ogy of L. turbinatus is shown by Skuhrovec and Gosik
The aim of the study was to review the collected material
of Larinus in the East Baltic region and to prove the real
situation of distribution of L. turbinatus.
Ma t e r I a l a n d M e t h o d s
The examined material is deposited in the collections of
the Daugavpils University, Institute of Syste matic Bio-
logy (DUBC, Daugavpils, Latvia), Kaunas T. Ivanaus-
kas Zoological Museum (KZM, Kaunas, Lithuania), Es-
104 Balalaikins M., Alekseev V. I., Ferenca R., Tamutis V., Bukejs A.
tonian University of Life Sciences, Institute of Forestry
and Rural Engineering, Department of Forest Biology
(IZBE-1, Tartu, Estonia), Estonian University of Life
Sciences, Institute of Agricultural and Environmental
Sciences, Department of Zoology (IZBE-2), University
of Tartu, Museum of Zoology (TUZ, Tartu, Estonia),
and a private collection of Vitaly I. Alekseev (AVC,
Chernyakhovsk, Russia).
The following identication guides have been used
for determination of specimens: Hoffmann 1958; Ter-
Minassian 1967; Smreczynski 1976; Dieckmann 1983;
Lohse & Tischler 1983.
The photos were taken with an Axiocam digital camera
using a stereomicroscope Zeiss Stereo Lumar V12.
re s u l t s
During the study of the weevil fauna of the Baltic region,
we used the material from the collections mentioned
above. Larinus turbinatus is here recorded for the rst
time from Estonia, Lithuania and Kaliningrad Region.
Thus, these records extend our knowledge on the distri-
bution range of L. turbinatus in the East Baltic region.
We veried identication in the studied collections be-
cause some specimens of L. turbinatus were sometimes
misidentied as other close species. This species differs
from other representatives of the genus Larinus in a
completely straight rostrum, conically tapering towards
the apex (Fig. 2). The body is short, oval, covered with
spots of grey setae. The pronotum is transverse, lateral
sides are tapering and rounded towards the anterior
margin of the pronotum. The elytra is with ne striae,
distinctly wider than the pronotum. Body length is
4.0–9.0 mm (Lohse & Tischler 1983). Habitus is pre-
sented in Figure 1.
New records of Larinus turbinatus
Jõgevamaa district, Jõgeva, 26 June 1990 (1, leg.
A. Saartis) [IZBE-2]; Lääne-Virumaa district, Ko-
hala, 4 July 1996 (1, leg. E. Mäe) [TUZ]; Raplamaa
district, Järvakandi, 12 July 1992 (1, leg. H. Ounap)
Kaišiadorys district, Vaiguvos forest, 54º46'43.0''N
24º12'46.4''E, 2 June 2007 (1, leg. R. Ferenca) [KZM];
Kaunas city, valley of the Nemunas River, 24 August
1977 (1, leg. R. Ferenca) [KZM]; Kaunas district,
Akademija, 13 June 2005 (1, leg. V. Tamutis) [KZM];
Kaunas district, Babtai–Varluva poligon of biosphere,
3 June 2007 (2, leg. V. Tamutis) [KZM]; Kaunas district,
Gervėnupis, 30 May 1973 (1, leg. R. Gaidys) [KZM];
Kaunas district, Jiesia Landscape Reserve, 23 June
2004 (1, leg. R. Ferenca) [KZM], 24 June 2005 (1, leg.
R. Ferenca) [KZM], 30 May 2006 (2, leg. R. Ferenca)
[KZM]; Kaunas district, Kleboniškis, 19 June 1974
(1, leg. R. Gaidys) [KZM]; Kaunas district, Raudond-
varis, 12 June 1976 (1, leg. R. Gaidys) [KZM]; Šakiai
district, Tervydoniai, 13 July 2008 (1, leg. R. Ferenca)
Kaliningrad Region:
Bagrationovsk district, Ulyanovka environs, 54°36'17''N
20°11'20''E, 7 June 2010 (1, sweeping on the shore of
the Kaliningrad gulf, leg. V. Alekseev) [AVC], 4 October
2010 (4, the shore of the Kaliningrad gulf, sandy beach,
leg. V. Alekseev) [AVC]; 2 km N Chkalovsk (Kalinin-
grad), 54°47'01''N 20°26'49''E, 2 May 2010 (1, the clear-
ing in the mixed forest, leg. V. Alekseev) [AVC]; Kalin-
ingrad city, 54°43'15''N 20°30'49''E, 22 September 2009
(1, leg. V. Alekseev) [AVC]; 3 km NNE Zelenogradsk,
54°58'17''N 20°30'25''E, 26 May 2009 (2, sweeping at
the clearing in the humid mixed forest, leg. V. Alekseev)
[AVC]; Zelenogradsk district, 3 km N Grachevka,
54o54'46''N 20o7'46''E, 6 June 2010 (1, sweeping at the
edge of the mixed forest, leg. V. I. Alekseev) [DUBC];
Zelenogradsk district, Svetlogorsk environs, 54°56'14''N
20°7'32''E, 10 June 2007 (1, clearing in the mixed forest,
leg. V. Alekseev) [AVC].
Figure 1. Larinus turbinatus: habitus, dorsal view.
Figure 2. Larinus turbinatus: rostrum, lateral view.
New records of Larinus turbinatus in the East Baltic region
co n c l u s I o n s
Our study establishes the fact of occurrence of Larinus
turbinatus in several localities all over the East Baltic
region (Fig. 3). The question of reasons of the absence
of this weevil species in the earlier published lists is still
open. An expansion of this species to the north in the
last decades is not conrmed, as records of this species
in Latvia date back to the end of the 19th century (Bala-
laikins & Bukejs 2011). The reasons of misidentication
during more than a hundred years of faunistic studies in
the region are unclear, but it is the most likely reason
of the absence of this species in earlier publications.
The species is important for biocontrol (Skuhrovec &
Gosik 2011).
Figure 3. Records of Larinus turbinatus in the East Baltic
region (data for Latvia according to Balalaikins & Bukejs;
Telnov et al. 2011).
ac k n o w l e d g e M e n t s
The authors are sincerely grateful to Kaljo Voolma and
Olavi Kurina from Estonian University of Life Sci-
ences (Tartu, Estonia) and Jaan Luig from Museum of
Zoology, University of Tartu (Tartu, Estonia) for their
permission to use the collections and for offering support
in conducting research. Special thanks go to Stanislaw
Knutelski (Krakow, Poland) for critical review of the
manuscript and valuable comments. The research was
carried out within the framework of the project of the
European Social Fund (No 2009/0206/1DP/
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Na u j I La r i n u s t u r b i n a t u s Gy l l e n h a l , 1835
(Co l e o p t e r a : Cu r c u l I o n I d a e ) r e g I s t r a v I M o
į r a š a i r y t ų Ba l t I j o s r e g I o n e
M. Balalaikins, V. I. Alekseev, R. Ferenca, V. Tamutis,
A. Bukejs
sa n t r a u k a
Straubliukas Larinus turbinatus Gyllenhal, 1835 pirmą
kartą buvo aptiktas Estijoje, Lietuvoje ir Kaliningrado
srityje (vakarų Rusija). Pateikiama bendra informacija
apie šios rūšies paplitimą ir bionomiją, taip pat bendra
ir straublio nuotraukos.
Received: 19 April 2011
Accepted: 1 June 2011
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New observations on biology, ecology, host plants and parasitoids of four Larinus species are presented. Centaurea phrygia L. is confirmed as a host plant of Larinus obtusus Gyllenhal, 1835. The east Polish populations of Larinus obtusus were confirmed to be regionally monophagous on Centaurea stoebe L. and those of Larinus pollinis (Laicharting, 1781) on Carlina vulgaris L. Carduus crispus L. is identified for the first time as a host plant of Larinus sturnus (Schaller, 1783). Cirsium oleraceum (L.) Scop. and C. vulgare (Savi) Ten. were confirmed as host plants of Larinus sturnus, and Cirsium heterophyllum (L.) Hill as a host plant of Larinus turbinatus Gyllenhal, 1835. Life strategies including type of oviposition and development of these weevils are described and photographs are provided of immature stages, adults, host plants, biotopes and parasitoids.
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CSIRO Division of Entomology has two major projects on the biological control of carduine thistles, one against nodding thistle (Carduus nutans) and another for scotch and Illyrian thistles (Onopordum acanthium and O. illyricum). The strategies for biological control of these target thistles are similar, although the agents used are different. Since thistle populations depend solely on seedling establishment for recruitment, the priority area in both projects is to limit seed-ing, with the ultimate aim to reduce the soil seed banks found in Australia to the much lower levels found in Europe. Both projects include insects that attack the ca-pitula and thus have a direct impact on seeding; both also have insects that attack vegetative parts of the plant and thus indirectly limit seed production. The role of biological control in an overall management strategy for these two groups of thistles is briefly discussed.
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Complete and updated list of 1052 species (including one subspecies) of the weevils (Curculionoidea) found in Poland until 2004 is given, with comments on all systematic and nomenclatural changes compared to the last published catalogue (2000). The index of 273 genera and 94 subgenera, together with their type species, is given separately. Status of the following taxa has been changed: Perapion oblongum (Gyllenhal) (resurrected from synonymy with P. curtirostre (Germar)); Phyllobius vespertinus (Fabricius) (resurrected from synonymy with Ph. pyri (Linnaeus)); Microplontus melanostigma (Marsham) (resurrected from synonymy with M. rugulosus (Herbst)); Otiorhynchus reichei Stierlin is transferred from subgenus Amosilnus Reitter to subgenus Magnanotius Alonso-Zarazaga et Lyal; Melanobaris Alonso-Zarazaga et Lyal, Aulacobaris Desbrochers and Labiaticola Alonso-Zarazaga et Lyal reduced to subgenera of Baris Germar. Records on 27 species of the total number are considered doubtful, the occurrence of these species in Poland should be confirmed. Twenty five taxa have been added to the list of Polish weevils, 6 of them announced for the first time, 3 others are indicated as undescribed or unidentified species. Barypeithes globus Seidlitz has been deleted from the list, whilst Acallocrates denticollis (Germar) is replaced with A. colonnellii Bahr and Mogulones t-album (Gyllenhal) with M. aubei (Boheman).
Larinus perrinae sp. n. is described from southeastern Turkey and Syria based on material from J. Desbrochers’ and M. Pic’s collections. Lectotype of L. lejeunei Capiomont is designated. Larinus perrinae is closely related to L. lejeunei but, differing in the elongated body, pattern of pubescence and shape of aedeagus.
Larinus perrinae sp. n. is described from southeastern Turkey and Syria based on material from J. Desbrochers' and M. Pic's collections. Lectotype of L. lejeunei Capiomont is designated. Larinus perrinae is closely related to L. lejeunei but, differing in the elongated body, pattern of pubescence and shape of aedeagus.