Toward Integrating Qualitative and Quantitative Methods: An Introduction

Article (PDF Available)inHealth education quarterly 19(1):1-8 · February 1992with69 Reads
DOI: 10.1177/109019819201900101 · Source: PubMed
Both the qualitative and quantitative paradigms have weaknesses which, to a certain extent, are compensated for by the strengths of the other. As indicated in this article, the strengths of quantitative methods are that they produce factual, reliable outcome data that are usually generalizable to some larger population. The strengths of qualitative methods are that they generate rich, detailed, valid process data that usually leave the study participants' perspectives in tact. This article discusses how qualitative and quantitative methods can be combined and it introduces the articles included in this issue.

Full-text (PDF)

Available from: Kenneth Mcleroy
    • "Quantitative methods make use of data retrieved from large-scale surveys or technical data to develop simulation model or scenario analysis. Qualitative approaches mainly comprise focus groups or interviews with stakeholders to identify decisionmaking criteria and evaluate possible alternatives or illustrate different point of views (Steckler et al. 1992). As for the scope, we argue that existing assessment methodologies cover the following aspects of urban freight distribution systems: "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Only few urban freight initiatives are expanding their scale of application beyond the initial pilot experimentation. To overcome existing barriers to larger scale optimization of urban freight distribution activities, it is necessary to develop and test proper methodologies that assess all aspects relevant to this context. In this paper we propose a classification of existing assessment methodologies, in order to underline their advantages and disadvantages, along with possible research gaps and future trends. For this review we adopt a framework constructed on two dimensions of an assessment methodology, namely method used and scope. As for the method used, methodologies can be either quantitative, if they aim at simulating or evaluating the outcomes in terms of vehicle flows, pollutant emissions, or monetary outcomes, or qualitative, if they are directed towards elucidating the subjective assessment of stakeholders. Concerning the scope, existing methodologies can cover three main aspects of urban freight distribution systems, such as measures to be assessed, stakeholders and impact areas.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2016 · BMC Geriatrics
    • "A triangulation approach [36] was used by merging the results of various data sources (patient outcomes, self-reported questionnaire, and focus group and individual interviews) to cross-validate the study findings [11, 37]. Comparisons were made examining similarities and differences in the results from the two data types [11, 34]. Quantitative data analysis was conducted using the software package IBM SPSS Statistics version 22 [38]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background The Hospital Elder Life Program (HELP) has been shown to effectively prevent delirium and functional decline in older patients in acute care, but has not been examined in a rehabilitation setting. This pilot study examined potential successes and implementation factors of the HELP in a post-acute rehabilitation hospital setting. Methods A mixed methods (quantitative and qualitative) evaluation, incorporating a repeated measures design, was used. A total of 100 patients were enrolled; 58 on the pilot intervention unit and 42 on a usual care unit. Group comparisons were made using change scores (pre-post intervention) on outcome measures between pilot unit patients and usual care patients (separate analyses compared usual care patients with pilot unit patients who did or did not receive the HELP). Qualitative data were collected using focus group and individual interviews, and analyzed using emergent coding procedures. Results Delirium prevalence reduced from 10.9 % (n = 6) to 2.5 % (n = 1) in the intervention group, while remaining the same in the usual care group (2.5 % at both measurement points). Those who received the HELP showed greater improvement on cognitive and functional outcomes, particularly short-term memory and recall, and a shorter average length of stay than patients who did not. Participant groups discussed perceived barriers, benefits, and recommendations for further implementation of the HELP in a rehabilitation setting. Conclusions This study adds to the limited research on delirium and the effectiveness of the HELP in post-acute rehabilitation settings. The HELP was found to be feasible and have potential benefits for reduced delirium and improved outcomes among rehabilitation patients.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2016
    • "Martin and Sunley, 2001; Plummer and Sheppard, 2001; Rodríguez-Pose, 2001) have realized the essentiality of integrating qualitative and quantitative methods in economic geography, hardly any of them have provided detailed answers and feasible strategies on how such complementarities can be achieved. Enlightened by Steckler et al. (1992), we see four potential ways that qualitative and quantitative methods could be integrated in economic geography (see also Pike et al. 2016). "
    [Show description] [Hide description] DESCRIPTION: Since the launch of new economic geography by Paul Krugman there have been intensive debates between geographical economists and economic geographers both about the ways they differ from each other as well as about potential complementarities. Overman’s (2004) provocative article, titled “can we learning anything from economic geography proper?” has been not very helpful in developing the latter. By responding to his core critiques we provide a much more positive answer to his question, do justice to economic geography and show more complementarities between geographical economics and economic geography.
    Full-text · Working Paper · Aug 2016 · BMC Geriatrics
Show more