Comparison of Selected Mental Skills between Elite and Non-elite Taekwondo Male and Female Athletes
Conference: International Conference In Sport Industry- ICISI 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare selected mental skills in elite and non-elite Taekwondo athletes. 143 Taekwondo athletes (elite=61, non-elite=82) answered to the Ottawa Mental Skills Assessment Tools version 3. This questionnaire assesses three categories of mental skills; 1) Foundation skills 2) Psycho-somatic skills and 3) Cognitive skills. The results of 2×2 MANOVA revealed that there was a significant difference between male and female athletes only in activation factor. Also elite athletes significantly use game planning, goal setting, activation self-confidence and commitment more than non-elite athletes. However non-elite athletes were better than elite athletes in refocusing and stress reaction. According to the results of this study we recommended that taekwondo coaches improve the game planning, goal setting, activation, self-confidence and commitment factors in non-elite taekwondo athletes. Elite taekwondo athletes also should develop their refocusing and stress reaction to maintain their skill level.
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- "Asimismo, informaron de que solo en los hombres, en dos de las siete variables evaluadas (confianza y reto) se cumplía el perfil psicológico de atletas de alto nivel, mostrando valores medios (decatipo 4-7) en el resto de variables y apuntando como posible explicación de estos resultados, la falta de entrenamiento psicológico de los taekwondistas. Saber et al. (2012) estudiaron a 144 taekwondistas iraníes comparando los resultados por nivel (60 élite y 82 no élite) y por género (88 hombres, M edad = 21.6 +4.4, y 54 mujeres, M edad = 21.7 +4.7). "
ABSTRACT: The paper presents the psychological profile of skills and its predictive power on sport success in a sample of university taekwondo competitors. To that end, a representative sample of 89 taekwondo athletes (50 men and 39 women) aged between 18 and 34 years (M = 22.2, SD = 3.34) participating at the Spanish University Taekwondo Championship (2011) was evaluated. The Psychological Inventory of Sports Performance (IPED) was administered. The sport success was measured by the amount of combats won by each athlete during the tournament. Multivariate analysis showed differences in relation to gender (men reported greater self- confidence, attentional control and negative coping) and whether they received psychological training or not (athletes who received mental training showed higher levels in visualimaginative control, positive coping and attitudinal control). No differences were found between experts and non-experts. Positive correlations were found between visual-imaginative control, motivational level, positive coping control, attitudinal control and sport success. Visual-imaginative control (for the total sample and men) and motivational level (for women) predicted sport success. Results and practical implications are discussed. © 2014: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia Murcia (España).
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to compare mental skills between superior basketball players and gymnasts. Subjects included 161 basketball players (91 experienced: aged 22.47 ± 2.27, and 70 inexperi-enced, aged 23.13 ± 2.2) and 114 gymnasts (66 experienced; aged 22.77 ± 2.03 and 48 inexperi-enced, aged 22.79 ± 2.25). The questionnaire used for this study was OMSAT-3 that assessed men-tal skills in three main categories of foundation mental skills, psychosomatic skills and cognitive skills. Results showed significant differences between elite and sub-elite basketball players and gymnasts in basic mental skills, psychosomatic skills and cognitive skills. These results will help coaches and athletes to improve their performance and consolidate and expand the use of mental skills they need for each competition in closed and open sport skills.
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ABSTRACT: Currently, great emphasis is placed on the development and intervention of psychology in sports in order to address the problem of athletes’ failure to achieve peak performance in actual competitions. This problem is primarily due to internal factors, such as anxieties, as well as external factors, such as the high pressure of the competitive environments athletes encounter. In this study, the cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self confidence levels amongst elite and sub-elite Malaysian volleyball players are defined (male sample n = 50; female sample n = 35; age range between 17 to 25 years). These parameters were measured using the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory (CSAI-2), in which the questionnaires were completed by all respondents 30 minutes prior to the start of a competition. The findings indicated that there was a significant difference (p < 0.005) in cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self-confidence among elite and sub-elite Malaysian (male and female) volleyball athletes. According to the findings, the competitive anxiety levels of the sub-elite athletes were higher than the elite, mainly due to the inability of the sub-elite athletes to control their emotions using psychological skills. In order to minimize this problem, a novel approach that involves using virtual reality to reduce the athletes’ competitive anxiety was proposed. This approach utilizes a 3D immersive environment that was developed based on the challenging real-world situations encountered during a volleyball match. The design and development of this approach is predicted to enhance athletes’ psychological skills, and in turn ensure that they can achieve peak performance under high pressure conditions.