High BAS, but not low BIS, predicts externalizing symptoms in adults

ArticleinPersonality and Individual Differences 44(3):565-575 · February 2008with66 Reads
Impact Factor: 1.95 · DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2007.09.018

The current study examined the role of Behavioral Approach System (BAS) and Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) sensitivity in predicting symptoms along the externalizing dimension of psychopathology. A sample of 273 undergraduates completed measures of BAS, BIS, and externalizing disorder symptomatology. Regression analyses indicated that high BAS predicted drug abuse, alcohol abuse, primary and secondary psychopathy, and hyperactive-impulsive AD/HD symptoms. Whereas low BIS predicted drug use and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms only, high BIS predicted secondary psychopathy and inattentive AD/HD symptoms. These results replicate previous findings and suggest that high BAS is closely associated with the externalizing dimension. In contrast, the results from the current study call into question the role of low BIS in externalizing disorders and provide only limited support for the joint-subsystems hypothesis in this context. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract) DOI: doi:10.1016/j.paid.2007.09.018

    • "The ANOVA results from the BIS/BAS scales revealed that, on the BIS scale, the neurotypical controls score significantly lower than the ASD, anxiety and ADHD groups. Earlier studies have demonstrated that high-BAS scores are associated with externalising conditions, drug and alcohol abuse, psychopathy and hyperactive ADHD, whereas high-BIS scores are associated with inattentive ADHD (Hundt et al., 2008; Johnson et al., 2003). However, there is little existing research on the nature of BIS/BAS qualities in ASD or anxiety. "
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    • "Among college students, for example, alcohol use and smoking have been associated with higher levels of BAS and lower levels of BIS. BAS has also been associated with other addictive behaviors such as pathological gambling (Hamilton, Sinha, & Potenza, 2014; Hundt, "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study examined the direct and indirect relationships between pathological narcissism, behavioral activation/inhibition systems (BAS/BIS), self-control, and substance abuse in a sample of Iranian students. Results showed that there are positive relationships between pathological narcissism and BAS with substance abuse and negative relationships between BIS and self-control with substance abuse. We tested, using structural equation model, whether pathological narcissism, BAS, and BIS predict substance abuse through self-control. Results confirmed the mediating role of self-control in the relations of pathological narcissism and BAS, but not BIS to substance abuse.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Personality and Individual Differences
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    • "Although no prior research has yet examined how these personality tendencies may inform the relationship between general strains and crime, we believe that there are strong theoretical grounds for integrating these personality traits into analyses of GST. This consideration is based on prior evidence that these neurobiological systems have been found to be associated with personality constructs that have utility for understanding many behaviors, including those that increase the likelihood of engaging in criminal acts (Franken, Muris, and Georgieva 2006; Hunt et al. 2008; Cooper, Gomez, and Buck 2008; Poythress et al. 2008; O'Conner, Stewart, and Watt 2009). Further, the presumed association between BIS and BAS sensitivities and both affect and decision making suggest that such personality tendencies likely moderate the relationship between strain and deviant behaviors. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This article extends general strain theory by examining the role of the behavioral approach systems (BAS) and behavioral inhibition systems (BIS) in moderating the relationship between exposure to social strain and criminal behaviors. Analyses revealed that BIS and BAS operate differently in the prediction of crime. Those low in chronic strains experienced increases in arrests at higher BAS scores. For those exposed to medium and high levels of stress, a higher level of BAS-drive was associated with a decreased probability of arrest. In contrast, there is a positive association between lifetime traumas and arrest, and the magnitude of this relationship increases at each succeeding level of BAS scores.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · Deviant Behavior
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