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Ergänzende Anmerkungen zur Biologie und zur Ökologie von Urania fulgens (WALKER, 1854) in Costa Rica, Zentralamerika (Lepidoptera: Uraniidae)

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Abstract

Es werden Anmerkungen zur Biologie und zur Ökologie von Urania fulgens (Walker, 1854) in Costa Rica, Zentralamerika gemacht. Das Migrationsverhalten und Beziehungen zwischen Urania fulgens (Wlk.) und Raupenfutterpflanzen - insbesondere ihrer Toxizität - werden diskutiert.
... Further investigations might be helpful to answer this question. Additional information about the ecology of U. fulgens was published earlier (van der Heyden, 2006Heyden, , 2009Murillo-Hiller, 2008). ...
... In the last two decades, migrations in 1995, 1998, 2003, 2005, 2006 and 2009 were reported from Costa Rica. The migration in 2005 was extremely massive lasting from July until September and could be observed in most parts of the country (van der Heyden, 2006Heyden, , 2009Murillo-Hiller, 2008). ...
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Two recent migrations of Urania fulgens (Walker, 1854) (Lepidoptera: Uraniidae) in Costa Rica are reported. Additional information about the ecology and the distribution of this species is also given.
... Among the insects that attack cassava in the field are a wide variety of lepidopterans, known as butterflies and moths, associated with cultivation (SILVA et al. 1968 Corseuil 1955;ehrliCh & raveN 1964;silva et al. 1968;silva et al. 1981;Coto et al. 1995;bellotti et al. 2002;Murillo-hiller 2008;vaN der heydeN 2009;MoNtezaNo et al. 2013;2014;2018;speCht et al. 2015;brito et al. 2019;NhM 2020). ...
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The present study reports Chilomima clarkei (Amsel) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) infesting stems of Manihot esculenta Crantz (Euphorbiaceae) in Amapá state, Brazil, for the first time. Considering the importance of this species as a pest, it is necessary to publicize its occurrence and provide information about the main symptoms of the attacked plants and morphological characters of development stages to identify it quickly in crops. As there are no registered products for this pest’s control, producers are advised to pay attention to any sign of infestation. To avoid it from spreading, they are also recommended to remove and burn all the infested parts detected in the plantations, in addition to selecting healthy manivas (stem cuttings) at the time of replanting, preventing the infestation of new crops.
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Nach einleitenden Bemerkungen zur Biologie, zur Verbreitung und zum Migrationsverhalten von Urania fulgens WALKER, 1854 wird über eine Migration berichtet, die im August und September 2005 im zentralen Hochland von Costa Rica beobachtet werden konnte.