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How do patients experience stress caused by hospitalization and how do nurses perceive this stress experienced by patients. A comparative study.

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It has been acknowledged that, in general, stress caused by hospitalization and hospital care may hinder patient recovery and in some cases it may cause potentially life-threatening psychological changes. Hospitalization and subsequent treatment and medical care constitute a period of anxiety for the patients and a severe anxiety-causing situation. This fact has been confirmed by a large number of researches studying many different kinds of hospital care. Many factors were reported to contribute to this anxiety, including those relating to an illness such as pain, anxiety or improvement and recovery, and factors relating to hospital stay such as sleeping in a strange bed or sharing a hospital room with others. Most health professionals are aware of this and try to alleviate this stress by following various procedures in the hope that the patient gains some assurance and experiences less stress. However, how accurately are health professionals informed about those factors, which cause stress to patients, in a hospital area, as well as their importance? This research study aims at exploring these very areas. More specifically, the study used a sample consisting of 35 nurses and 100 patients to whom the same measurement tool was administered, incorporating all necessary changes, in order to measure what stresses patients most and what nurses believe that stresses them. The findings which stem from a comparison of the answers given are of great importance since both groups indicate that lack of knowledge about the course of the disease, questions, possibility of an incurable disease, and lack of relevant information provided are believed to be the most stressful factors, without implying of course that there is not a considerable degree of divergence between the two groups of answers. It is, therefore, imperative that nurses and all other healthcare professionals maintain a channel of continuous communication with the patients, so that stressful factors causing anxiety to patients and making recovery harder can be uncovered and dealt with promptly and efficiently.
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AGRICULTURAL, ENVIRONMENTAL & NATURAL SCIENCES SOCIAL, PEDAGOGY SCIENCES & HUMANITIES MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY SCIENCES REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND INFRASTRUCTURE ECONOMIC, MANAGEMENT & MARKETING SCIENCES LEGAL, LEGISLATION AND POLITICAL SCIENCES
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