Nagamoto HT, Adler LE, Waldo MC, Griffith J, Freedman R. Gating of auditory response in schizophrenics and normal controls: effects of recording site and stimulation interval on the P50 wave. Schizophr Res 4: 31-40
Auditory evoked potentials were recorded using a paired stimulus, conditioning-testing paradigm from 14 schizophrenic patients and 13 normal subjects with no family history of psychotic disorder. Previous studies of the vertex P50 wave using this paradigm have demonstrated a possible sensory gating deficit in schizophrenics, as shown by their failure to diminish the response to a test stimulus presented 500 ms after a conditioning stimulus. Recordings were made at Cz, Fz, C3, T3, C4, and T4, to compare effects at different recording sites with this paradigm. Schizophrenics had significantly poorer sensory gating than normals, with the most significant difference between the groups at Cz. In addition to the 500 ms interval, subjects were also recorded at a conditioning-testing interval of 100 ms. Most schizophrenics showed normal sensory gating at the 100 ms interval, despite their abnormalities at 500 ms. The results indicate that Cz is optimal recording site for this paradigm, and that gating abnormalities in schizophrenic subjects are limited to specific interstimulus intervals.
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