The polymerase chain reaction for hepatitis B virus DNA

Hepatology (Impact Factor: 11.06). 01/1991; 13(1):188-90. DOI: 10.1002/hep.1840130127
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to analyse tissues from paraffin blocks of liver needle biopsies retrospectively. Biopsies of 29 patients with proven HBsAg and HBcAg expression in liver tissue and of 8 healthy volunteers served as positive (group 1) and negative tissue controls (group 2), respectively. These were compared with 16 patients with proven HBsAg expression in liver but lack of HBcAg (group 3), with 23 patients with anti-HBc as the only hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related marker (group 4) and with 21 patients with liver disease and without HBV markers in tissue or serum (group 5). PCR detected HBV sequences in all cases of the positive control group and in 94% of group 3, in 65% of group 4, and in 71.4% of group 5, whereas all healthy volunteers were negative. Our data show that PCR is able to detect HBV-DNA sequences in virtually all patients with active viral antigen expression but also in a high proportion of hepatitic patients who are silent for active HB but may or may not show signs of a contact with the HBV. Thus, PCR for HBV-DNA in paraffin sections might become a useful tool for identifying patients carrying HBV-DNA but not expressing HBV antigens.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1992 · Virchows Archiv. A, Pathological anatomy and histopathology
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection almost always recurs after liver transplantation in patients who were surface antigen (HBsAg) positive before surgery but apparent de novo acquisition of infection in a transplant setting has not previously been reported. We have used sensitive techniques to elucidate the origin of such infections in patients in a California transplantation programme. We tested post-transplant serum from 207 patients who had been HBsAg negative and found 20 to be HBsAg positive. The origin of infection was identified in 7 patients, being occult pre-transplant infection in 5 and occult infection in the donor in 2. No pre-transplant patient nor donor with demonstrable HBV DNA had serological markers of hepatitis B. Post-transplant HBV DNA was present in serum from 19 patients. Analysis of the variable pre-S region of HBV demonstrated 100% sequence homology between recipient liver and post-transplant serum (2 patients) and between donor serum and recipient post-transplant serum (2). There was only 84% homology between the 2 different patients infected with subtype adw. 19 patients are alive, 9 without histological evidence of hepatitis (mean follow-up 33 months), and survival was significantly greater than that of a group with recurrent HBV infection. Apparent acquisition of HBV infection with liver transplantation is not rare, and may be due to occult pre-transplant infection or occult infection in the donor. The post-transplant outcome of this infection tends to be benign but our findings do underscore the clinical relevance of HBV infection in the absence of serological markers.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1994 · The Lancet
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was conducted to evaluate the prognostic significance of the absence of serum HBV DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) after spontaneous HBeAg/anti-HBe seroconversion and concurrent or subsequent biochemical remission. We prospectively investigated the reactivation rates in 28 chronic hepatitis B patients according to the positive or negative serum HBV DNA test by PCR. The sera drawn at a mean period of 4.4 months after normalization of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were analyzed by PCR-Southern blot hybridization to detect HBV DNA, and then the patients were divided into two groups according to the presence (n = 14) or absence (n = 14) of HBV DNA in the sera. The cumulative reactivation rates in patients with HBV DNA in sera were 43%, 57%, 57%, 57% and 57% at the end of 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th year after normalization of ALT, respectively, and those in patients without demonstrable HBV DNA were 50%, 66%, 74%, 74% and 83%, respectively; thus, the difference in the cumulative reactivation rates between patients with and without serum HBV DNA was not statistically significant (p = 0.79), and irrespective of the status of HBV DNA in sera by PCR, reactivations occurred very rarely after 2 years of a sustained remission. We conclude that the seroconversion to anti-HBe accompanied by disappearance of serum HBV DNA even by PCR does not necessarily suggest a sustained remission of chronic hepatitis B.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 1995 · The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
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