Article

Synaptophysin: a sensitive and specific marker for ganglion cells in central nervous system tumors. Hum Pathol

NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, United States
Human Pathlogy (Impact Factor: 2.77). 04/1990; 21(3):271-6. DOI: 10.1016/0046-8177(90)90080-O
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Synaptophysin, a 38-kilodalton glycoprotein found in synaptic vesicle membranes, has been shown to be a sensitive marker of neuroendocrine differentiation in non-central nervous system (CNS) tumors. We analyzed the patterns of synaptophysin immunoreactivity in CNS neoplasms in comparison with various normal CNS sites in biopsies. Normal gray matter structures all showed a diffuse punctate granular pattern of neuropil staining without staining of neuronal cell bodies. In contrast, neoplastic ganglion cells in 18 of 18 gangliogliomas/gangliocytomas showed intense immunoreactivity outlining the borders of the cell bodies. Focal staining was also seen in five of 16 primitive neuroectodermal tumors and in one of three central neurocytomas, but these tumors had a finely granular neuropil pattern of immunoreactivity more like that of normal gray matter than like that of the gangliogliomas. All 35 examples of pure gliomas of various types showed no immunoreactivity. Our data highlight synaptophysin as a sensitive and specific marker of both neuronal lineage and neoplastic character in gangliogliomas.

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    • "Immunocytochemical and biochemical studies have revealed that synaptophysin is also present in endocrine cells (Wiedenmann and Franke 1985), where it is associated with small electron-translucent vesicles that are distinct from the secretory granules of these cells (Navone et al. 1986, 1989; Johnston 1989a). Synaptophysin expression has been widely used as a marker for synaptogenesis in developmental studies in vivo and in vitro (Lasiter and Kachele 1989; Leclerc et al. 1989; Schilling et al. 1989) and as a marker for neuron-specific cell lineages in tumors of the central nervous system (Miller et al. 1990) and ofperipheral neuroendocrine cell derivation (Bishop et al. 1988). "
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    ABSTRACT: Synaptophysin is an integral membrane protein of small synaptic vesicles in brain and endocrine cells. We have determined the structure and organization of the human synaptophysin gene and have established the chromosome localizations in man and mouse. Analysis of a cosmid clone containing the human synaptophysin gene (SYP) revealed seven exons distributed over approximately 20 kb, when compared with the previously published cDNA sequence. The exon-intron boundaries have been identified and do not correlate with functional domains. One intron interrupts the 3' untranslated region. Chromosomal localization of the human and murine genes for synaptophysin established the human SYP locus on the X chromosome in subbands Xp11.22-p11.23 and the mouse synaptophysin gene locus (Syp) on the X chromosome in region A-D. In addition, an Eco0109 RFLP has been identified and used in genetic mapping of the human SYP locus and supports the order TIMP-SYP-DXS14 within a span of approximately 4-7 centimorgans.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 1990 · The American Journal of Human Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: The authors present the clinical, histopathologic, and immunomorphologic data of 13 intracranial gangliogliomas. Preoperative computed tomography scans showed a commonly cystic tumor of variable density. Six tumors were completely excised and seven were subtotally resected. After a mean follow-up of 4.5 ± 2.6 years, 11 patients are asymptomatic or only slightly incapacitated. All tumors were examined with a panel of neuronal and neuroendocrine markers. Immunoreactivity (IR) to anti-neurofilament polypeptide (clone 2F11) was observed in neuronal processes in ten cases and in neuronal perikarya in five. With anti-synaptophysin (clone SY38), IR was present along the lining of ganglion cell perikarya and processes in 11 tumors whereas staining of the perinuclear cytoplasm was prominent in two. IR to anti-chromogranin A (clone LK2H10) was observed within the neuronal perikarya in eight cases. Only one ganglioglioma of the brain stem showed IR for tyrosine-hydroxylase (clone 2/40/15) and dopamine-beta-hydroxylase in some neoplastic ganglion cells. In this study, synaptophysin was the most reliable neuronal marker. For immunocytochemical identification of neoplastic neurons in ganglioglioma as well as other tumors with neuronal differentiation the authors propose a panel of well-characterized monoclonal antibodies against neurofilament polypeptides, synaptophysin, and chromogranin A to support the histomorphologic diagnoses. Cancer 68:2192–2201, 1991.
    Preview · Article · Nov 1991 · Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: The authors present the clinical, histopathologic, and immunomorphologic data of 13 intracranial gangliogliomas. Preoperative computed tomography scans showed a commonly cystic tumor of variable density. Six tumors were completely excised and seven were subtotally resected. After a mean follow-up of 4.5 +/- 2.6 years, 11 patients are asymptomatic or only slightly incapacitated. All tumors were examined with a panel of neuronal and neuroendocrine markers. Immunoreactivity (IR) to anti-neurofilament polypeptide (clone 2F11) was observed in neuronal processes in ten cases and in neuronal perikarya in five. With anti-synaptophysin (clone SY38), IR was present along the lining of ganglion cell perikarya and processes in 11 tumors whereas staining of the perinuclear cytoplasm was prominent in two. IR to anti-chromogranin A (clone LK2H10) was observed within the neuronal perikarya in eight cases. Only one ganglioglioma of the brain stem showed IR for tyrosine-hydroxylase (clone 2/40/15) and dopamine-beta-hydroxylase in some neoplastic ganglion cells. In this study, synaptophysin was the most reliable neuronal marker. For immunocytochemical identification of neoplastic neurons in ganglioglioma as well as other tumors with neuronal differentiation the authors propose a panel of well-characterized monoclonal antibodies against neurofilament polypeptides, synaptophysin, and chromogranin A to support the histomorphologic diagnoses.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1991 · Cancer
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