Indian Journal of Psychology and Mental Health, 01/2011;


OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present paper is to find out whether the anxiety level has any significant impact on the life satisfaction of the working and non-working married women.
METHOD: We investigated the effect of anxiety level on the “life satisfaction” among the working and non-working married women. For which we have administered “Satisfaction With Life Scale” (SWLS; Diener,E.; 1985), and “State-Trait Anxiety Test” (STAT; services; 1993) on an equal sample of women participants (n=45) from both the groups. The average age of the sample is 30.5 (ranging from 25 to 36).
RESULTS: On the collected data we applied two-way ANOVA. For variable A, i.e., two different groups of working and non-working married women has been obtained ‘F’ value is 1.00, which shows non-significant difference between the two groups. Therefore, we retain the null hypothesis (H0) and cannot conclude that the two groups differ in their attitude towards life satisfaction and the effect of anxiety on life satisfaction.
Further, we observe that the ‘F’ ratio in respect of factor B is highly significant even at .001 level. Thus the result showed that anxiety and life satisfaction are experienced differently by working and non-working women
AB interaction F, based on 1 and 176 ‘df’, is found to be 17.05. The critical value is 6.76 at α = 0.1. The observed value of F far exceeds the critical value. Thus, the F associated with the interaction of factor A and B is significant below .01 level. It indicates that the low and high life satisfaction depends upon the level of anxiety; the working women with low level of anxiety are higher on life satisfaction in contrast to the non-working women.
CONCLUSION: The results of the study show that females those who are working and married, are low on anxiety with higher life satisfaction in comparison to the non-working married females. They perceived their life as challenging and secure. They feel comfortable with their life situations. Whereas, the non-working married females are less satisfied with their lives and their anxiety level is also higher than the anxiety level of working females.
However, the study needs to be widened because the sample for the present study has been taken from particular state and therefore cannot be generalized. Thus, other sphere of employment has to be included by taking into account different states so that a better knowledge can be acquired about the women in different jobs and with different life settings.

Download full-text


Available from: Neeraj Panwar