The role of and possibilities for physical conditioning programmes in the rehabilitation of traumatically brain-injured persons
Department of Exercise Science, Concordia University, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Brain Injury
(Impact Factor: 1.81).
01/1990; 4(4):407-14. DOI: 10.3109/02699059009026194
The development of rehabilitation programmes for traumatically brain-injured persons is a complex and multidisciplinary effort. One aspect of such programmes is the development of physical work capacity via exercise or physical conditioning. This paper reviews literature dealing with the physical work capacity following traumatic brain injury and its responses to training. The incorporation of physical activity into a specific rehabilitation programme is described and the possible roles of exercise in the rehabilitation programme are discussed.
Available from: John T. Rapp
- "The results contribute to the literature by showing that a relatively simple intervention can be used to increase exercise participation by individuals with ABI. Results from prior studies suggest that increased exercise may increase independence and quality of life for individuals with ABI (e.g., Driver et al., 2006; Gordon et al., 1998; Jankowski & Sullivan, 1999; Sullivan et al., 1990; Thompson & Born, 1999; Wolman et al., 1994). "
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of self-recording and contingent reinforcement on exercise participation by four adults with acquired brain injury. The results indicate that self-recording and contingent reinforcement increased participation in stretching, aerobic, and weight-lifting activities for each participant. The results also indicate that each participant was able to accurately self-record his or her exercise participation. Possible operant conceptualizations for the observed behavior change, as well as limitations to the results, are briefly discussed. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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ABSTRACT: A modified Delphi technique was used to obtain group consensus among 31 rehabilitation professionals (RPs) from nine rehabilitation centres throughout the province of Québec (Canada) to ascertain their expert opinion on the health risk factors (HRF) to be verified prior to beginning an exercise programme or evaluation for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). From the initial survey 87 items were generated, which were later regrouped into 27 HRFs. The relative importance of each HRF in regard to being screened before exercise in a population with TBI was then assessed by each RP using a five-point ordinal scale (1 = not important to 5 = extremely important). HRFs that were considered extremely important by at least 50% of HPs include: angina pectoris, aortic stenosis, exertional syncope, musculoskeletal sequelae which are exacerbated by exercise, outward aggressivity, pulmonary embolism, uncontrolled epilepsy (seizures), and ventricular arrhythmias. Professionals involved in exercising patients with TBI may find these factors useful to the efficient conduct of their rehabilitation programme.
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