Brenner tumor of the ovary: A correlative histologic, histochemical, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural investigation

Istituto di Anatomia Patologica, University of Bologna, Italy.
Human Pathlogy (Impact Factor: 2.77). 09/1989; 20(8):787-95. DOI: 10.1016/0046-8177(89)90074-9
Source: PubMed


The histologic, histochemical, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural features of Brenner tumor (BT) were studied. BT was compared with transitional bladder cells, and close similarities between the two tissues were identified. Abundant glycogen in all cellular layers, an alcianophilic/sialomucinic surface mucous coat, and argyrophilic cells characterized both BT and bladder epithelium. Immunohistochemically, chromogranin and neuron-specific enolase reactivity was observed in all cases examined. An additional relevant finding was the presence of serotonin-storing cells in both BT and urothelium. Moreover, carcinoembryonic antigen, epithelial membrane antigen, and keratin reaction were found in BT and urothelium, indicating an additional antigenic similarity. Additionally, malignant Brenner tumor was ultrastructurally found to share many common features with the bladder tissue. The distinct histochemical, ultrastructural, and antigenic pattern of BT, primarily of the transitional type, is emphasized.

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    ABSTRACT: Transitional cell ("Brenner") tumors represent about 2% of all ovarian neoplasms. Brenner tumors are almost always benign. Malignant Brenner tumors of the ovary resemble urothelial carcinomas and are extremely rare. A 77-year-old, white female presented with malignant Brenner tumor in both ovaries as well as lung and abdominal metastases. The cytology of the ascitic fluid revealed many activated mesothelial cells and three-dimensional cell clusters arranged in a papillary pattern. The round to oval nuclei displayed mild anisokaryosis and hyperchromasia but had a quite evenly dispersed opaque or finely granular nucleoplasm. Enfoldings of the nuclear membrane gave them the appearance of so-called coffee bean nuclei. The cytoplasm stained light bluish. Knowledge of the cytologic features of ascitic fluid might allow a preoperative diagnosis of malignant, or at least proliferating, ovarian Brenner tumor.
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    ABSTRACT: Flow cytometry has been previously used as a method of obtaining prognostic information about ovarian carcinomas using ploidy, DNA index, and S-phase fraction. DNA content has also been assessed in ovarian tumors of low malignant potential. Brenner tumor variants such as metaplastic, proliferating, and low malignant potential, recently designated as intermediate Brenner tumors, and malignant Brenner tumors are unusual tumors that present classification problems. Their histological appearance may not accurately reflect biological activity. We used flow cytometry to analyze paraffin-embedded tissue for DNA content and S-phase in 34 Brenner tumors, three ovarian transitional cell (urothelial) carcinomas (TCCs), and nine normal control ovaries. We correlated histological and clinical features with DNA analysis. Twenty-five Brenner tumors and three ovarian TCCs were acceptable for histogram analysis (coefficient of variation less than 7.0). Thirteen typical, three metaplastic (extensive mucinous or glandular metaplasia), and two proliferating (papillary formation with increased cellularity) Brenner tumors were diploid. One proliferating tumor was tetraploid. The single Brenner tumor of low malignant potential was diploid but had an increased S-phase. Four of five malignant Brenner tumors were aneuploid, and one was diploid. All the TCCs were aneuploid. S-phase was elevated in intermediate and malignant Brenner tumors and TCC. Limited numbers of cases available preclude prognostic prediction based on ploidy in malignant Brenner tumors or primary ovarian TCCs. DNA ploidy and S-phase reflect the intermediate status of metaplastic, proliferating, and low malignant potential Brenner tumors.
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    ABSTRACT: In an attempt to assess and improve the histological classification of ovarian tumors the value of immunohistochemical techniques has been examined in 50 ovarian tumors. A panel of six immunohistochemical markers (two cytokeratins, EP4, EMA, CEA, and vimentin) seems to have no additional value in differential diagnosis and typing of ovarian tumors.
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