Validation of the Reasons for Living Inventory (RFL) in general and delinquent adolescent samples
Two studies are reported that discuss the validation of an adult suicide prediction questionnaire for use with adolescents. The Reasons for Living Inventory (RFL; Linehan, Goodstein, Nielsen, & Chiles, 1983) was slightly modified and administered to two samples of adolescents: one from a general high school population and one from a population of juvenile delinquents receiving psychological treatment in a correctional facility. As with adults, adolescents who reported more reasons for staying alive were less apt to report past or recent suicidal thoughts or behaviors. Evidence of convergent validity emerged via correlations of RFL subscales with depression, hopelessness, and other suicide inventories. Evidence of discriminant validity emerged in that correlations with social desirability were not large. Evidence of construct validity emerged in that the RFL subscales related to suicidal thoughts and behaviors over and above depression and hopelessness. Differences between general and delinquent adolescents' reasons for living are discussed.
Available from: Aishvarya Sinniah
- "Studies investigating the psychometric properties of the RFL inventory have been conducted in different populations. Cole  reported initial normative data using a modified version of the RFL on 285 high school and 79 delinquent adolescents. Osman et al.  reported the internal consistency for the RFL, which was satisfactory based on a sample of 110 undergraduates. "
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ABSTRACT: The Reasons For Living Inventory has been shown to have good psychometric properties in Western populations for the past three decades. The present study examined the psychometric properties and factor structure of English and Malay version of the Reasons For Living (RFL) Inventory in a sample of clinical outpatients in Malaysia. The RFL is designed to assess an individual's various reasons for not committing suicide. A total of 483 participants (283 with psychiatric illnesses and 200 with non-psychiatric medical illnesses) completed the RFL and other self-report instruments. Results of the EFA (exploratory factor analysis) and CFA (confirmatory factor analysis) supported the fit for the six-factor oblique model as the best-fitting model. The internal consistency of the RFL was α=.94 and it was found to be high with good concurrent, criterion and discriminative validities. Thus, the RFL is a reliable and valid instrument to measure the various reasons for not committing suicide among psychiatry and medical outpatients in Malaysia.
Available from: Dr.G.K. Vankar
- "That is, they rated reasons for living as less important than individuals with no suicidal history. 18 Reasons for living instruments have been developed for a diverse groups and research has offered further support for the assessment of reasons for living in diverse populations (e.g., psychiatric inpatients, college students, delinquent adolescents) (Cole, 1989; Gutierrez et al., 2002; Osman et al., 1993, 1998). 19-21 "
Available from: Amanda Perry
- "The final eight studies did not provide enough information to calculate the sensitivity and specificity of the instruments (Archer, 1989; Cole, 1989; Esposito & Clum, 1999; Kempton & Forehand, 1992; Ivanoff & Jang, 1991, 1994; Ivanoff, Smyth, Grochowski, & Jang, 1992; Phillips & Dahlstrom, 1997). "
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ABSTRACT: This systematic review assessed the validity of screening instruments to identify the risk of suicide and self-harm behaviour in offenders. A search of 11 electronic databases and grey literature resulted in the inclusion of five studies. The five studies revealed four screening instruments, including the Suicide Checklist, the Suicide Probability Scale, Suicide Concerns for Offenders in Prison Environment (SCOPE), and the Suicide Potential Scale. Two instruments, SCOPE and Suicide Potential Scale, shared promising levels of sensitivity and specificity. The reporting of information was generally varied across items on the Standards for the Reporting of Diagnostic accuracy (STARD). Research is needed to assess the predictive validity of tools for offender populations in the identification of those at risk, particularly those in probation and community settings.
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