General anesthesia and fragile X syndrome: Report of a case

Anesthesia Progress 01/1985; 32(3):104-6.
Source: PubMed


A case report of an 11-year-old Caucasian boy with the fragile X syndrome is presented. The fragile X syndrome is a form of X-linked mental retardation with a connective tissue component that involves mitral valve prolapse. Antibiotic prophylaxis, electrocardiographic abnormalities, and special anesthetic management considerations are elements of treating patients with fragile X syndrome. The patient received morphine sulfate and scopolamine as a preoperative premedication. Ketamine was also administered intramuscularly prior to induction to gaseous anesthetic. Pancuronium was used to facilitate nasotracheal intubation. A wandering atrial pacemaker and progressive hypocapnia, both of which were managed without complication, were the only problems encountered in the anesthetic procedure.

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