[Cutaneous myxoma (focal dermal mucinosis)].
Abteilung für Dermatologie, Bundeswehrkrankenhauses Hamburg.Der Hautarzt (Impact Factor: 0.56). 10/1988; 39(9):606-10.
Two cases of cutaneous myxoma are presented. In case 1 the cutaneous myxoma was localized on the left thumb and clinically resembled a pyogenic granuloma. In case 2 it was found at the left nipple. The benign cutaneous tumor may herald a cardiac myxoma and other conditions. Thus, a cutaneous myxoma should be accepted as an indication for thorough investigation of the whole body at regular intervals. As there are neither clinically nor histologically adequate criteria for differentiation, cutaneous myxoma and focal dermal mucinosis can be considered as variants of a single entity.
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ABSTRACT: The histogenesis of cutaneous focal mucinosis (CFM) is controversial. Eleven cases of CFM (5F, 6M; mean age 51 years) from our routine files between 1986 and the present time have, therefore, been examined histopathologically and immunohistochemically. Histology revealed an increased number of fibroblast-like cells in early lesions, whereas they were diminished or predominantly at the margin in advanced ones. The myxomatous areas showed slight to absent reticulum formation. Similarly, elastic fibers were almost absent, and collagen fibers were fragmented and replaced by variable amounts of mucin. One specimen revealed an epithelial component within the lesion reminiscent of a poorly induced trichofolliculoma. Immunohistochemically, vimentin was consistently present and correlated with the number of fibroblast-like cells. A few (< 5%) CD34+ dermal dendritic cells (DDs) were focally seen within CFM. In contrast, FXIIIa+ DDs accounted for up to 30%. Fibroblast-like cells were negative for S-100 protein, Leu7, desmin and alpha-SMA. The epithelial component within one of our specimens seems to have been induced by CFM and is a feature also seen in (angio)-myxomas. CFM appears to be a mesenchymally derived lesion composed predominantly of fibroblasts. DDs do not form the major cell component but rather seem passively incorporated.
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ABSTRACT: We describe a subcutaneous mucinosis developing in the right cheek of a 38-year-old man. Histologic examination revealed bipolar fibroblast-like cells embedded in a well demarcated mucinous stroma in the subcutis without a manifest reticulin network. In addition, bizarre, sometimes multinucleate, cells with intranuclear vacuoles were found at the periphery of the mucinous stroma. Immunohistologically, both the bipolar fibroblastic cells and bizarre-shaped cells were positive for vimentin, but were negative for smooth muscle A-actin, desmin, CD34, S100, trypsin, or chymotrypsin. However, the latter reacted to anti-factor XIIIa antibody, suggesting that they are derived from dermal dendritic cells. We think that this solitary subcutaneous mucinosis is a unique variant of cutaneous focal mucinosis, because neither a reticulin network nor reactivity to anti-smooth muscle A-actin antibody were demonstrable.
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