Ventriculopleural Shunts for Hydrocephalus: A Useful Alternative

ArticleinNeurosurgery 23(6):753-5 · January 1989with24 Reads
Impact Factor: 3.62 · DOI: 10.1227/00006123-198812000-00012 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    From 1969 to 1979, ventriculopleural shunts were inserted in 29 children with progressive hydrocephalus. A standard Pudenz pump with a Raimondi catheter was used for all but 1 child for whom a Holter valve was used. The shunt functioned adequately in 7, but in 18 it had to be changed as a result of symptomatic pleural effusion. From 1979 to 1982, a further series of 52 other patients received ventriculopleural shunts, and these cases have recently been reviewed. The apparatus used was a Portnoy ventricular catheter or a medium or high pressure Heyer Schulte pump with an antisiphon device and a Salmon distal catheter. Three patients developed a shunt infection. One died with a functioning shunt. Four catheters became blocked by adhesions, and in only 1 patient was a peritoneal shunt substituted as a result of symptomatic effusion.