Dual balloon technique for valvuloplasty of aortic stenosis in adults
Tufts University, Бостон, Georgia, United StatesThe American Journal of Cardiology (Impact Factor: 3.28). 04/1988; 61(8):583-9. DOI: 10.1016/0002-9149(88)90769-2
A dual balloon technique was studied in 16 patients with aortic stenosis in whom results with a single balloon (up to 20 mm, 5.5 cm or 25 mm, 3.0 cm in diameter and length, respectively) were judged to be suboptimal. Dual balloon valvuloplasty was performed using 2 balloons advanced and inflated simultaneously across the stenotic aortic valve orifice. For the group as a whole, the average peak transvalvular gradient was reduced from 79 +/- 8 to 57 +/- 7 mm Hg (mean +/- standard error) using a single balloon (p less than 0.0005), and reduced further to 36 +/- 4 mm Hg using dual balloons (p less than 0.0005 compared with single balloon results). Similarly, calculated aortic valve orifice area was increased from 0.45 +/- 0.04 to 0.57 +/- 0.05 cm2 using a single balloon (p less than 0.0005), and further increased to 0.77 +/- 0.06 cm2 using dual balloons (p less than 0.0005). Dual balloon dilation caused no complications directly attributable to the use of 2 balloons, including no exacerbation of aortic regurgitation. These results suggest that dual balloon valvuloplasty is safe and efficacious in selected patients with aortic stenosis.
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ABSTRACT: Balloon valvuloplasty has been shown to be an effective treatment for adults with aortic stenosis, typically providing a 50 to 80% increase in aortic valve area and marked improvement in exertional dyspnea, angina and syncope. However, the duration of this hemodynamic and clinical improvement is uncertain. Forty-two patients were followed for 10.2 +/- 0.5 months. Balloon valvuloplasty caused dramatic immediate reduction in the number of patients with moderate or severe dyspnea (80 to 14%), moderate or severe angina (39 to 2%) and syncope (30 to 2%). Furthermore, this improvement in symptoms continued for the duration of the follow-up period in most patients. Echocardiographic aortic valve mean gradient and area determined at 3-month intervals, however, showed a trend toward or return to prevalvuloplasty levels by 9 months' follow-up in 13 of 25 patients (52%), whereas 12 of 25 patients showed no deterioration in their hemodynamic parameters. This trend toward restenosis was accompanied by symptomatic deterioration in 5 of 13 patients (38%). This tendency toward restenosis in greater than 50% of patients by 9 months underscores the need for further technical improvements if balloon valvuloplasty is to be widely applied. Even with these limitations, however, balloon valvuloplasty seems to provide a significant improvement in actuarial survival compared with the natural history of elderly patients with severe aortic stenosis.
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