Social Support in Patients?? and Husbands?? Adjustment to Breast Cancer
Department of Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing, College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202. Nursing Research
(Impact Factor: 1.36).
03/1988; 37(2):91-5. DOI: 10.1097/00006199-198803000-00008
Data were obtained from 50 mastectomy patients and their husbands at 3 days and 30 days postsurgery to determine the nature of the relationship between social support and the adjustment of mastectomy patients and their husbands over time. Psychosocial adjustment was related to both patients' and husbands' levels of social support. Patients and husbands who reported higher levels of social support reported fewer adjustment difficulties at both 3 days and 30 days postsurgery. Patients and husbands differed significantly in the levels of support they perceived over time; husbands perceived less support from friends, nurses, and physicians. This study underscores the importance of assessing the support resources of both patients and husbands over time.
Available from: Maria do Rosário Pinheiro
- "Perceived social support has proved to be a moderating factor in the relation between disruptive or adverse situations and physical and emotional well-being (Abbot, 2009; Neves, 2006). Although, previous studies found that social support is frequently associated with better quality of life and less psychological distress (Bloom & Spiegel, 1984; Claudino, Cordeiro & Arriaga, 2006; Northouse, 1988; Heinonen et al., 2001; Kornblith et al., 2001), they focused on general perceived support in relation to the whole group of people around each individual and studies that approach social support from a particular individual relationship (individualspecific perceptions) are scarce. "
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ABSTRACT: Studies about the specific relationships’ quality with the father are scarce. The quality of Relationships Inventory – QRI proposed by Pierce, Sarason and Sarason (1991), evaluates three important dimensions of relationships perceived by the adolescent: Support, Depth and Conflict. The present research aimed to test the structure of QRI father's version (Neves & Pinheiro, 2006; Matos, Pinheiro & Marques, 2013 – Portuguese version), with a Confirmatory Factor Analysis and to study the relations between the QRI dimensions. Sample comprised 312 adolescents, 171 females and 141 males, aged between 12 and 17 (M= 13.77, DP= 1.16). The three-factor solution proposed by Pierce et al. (1991) was confirmed in this Portuguese adolescent sample. High positive associations between Support and Depth subscales, (r= .76) and low negative associations between these subscales and the Conflict subscale (r= -.13 and r= -.09) were found in the father's version of QRI. Support and Depth, in the relationship with the father, seem to be especially related to each other, presenting negative associations with Conflict. The results suggest that this instrument, with a three factor structure, can be used in future researches namely to study preventive interventions with adolescents and their families designed to diminish vulnerability to psychopathology, namely depression.
Available from: Anja Mehnert
- "B. in einer geringeren Ängstlichkeit und Depressivität zeigte (Röhrle, 1994; De Leeuw et al., 2000; Schroevers et al., 2003). Shapiro et al. (2001) konnten positive Effekte auf die gesundheitsbezogene Lebensqualität von Krebspatienten zeigen, andere Autoren fanden entsprechende Effekte auf Prozesse der Krankheitsverarbeitung und Adaptation (Northouse, 1988; Weis, 2002; Devine et al., 2003). Qualitative (Carlsson & Hamrin, 1994; De Boer et al., 1999) und systematische (Falagas, 2007; Nausheen, 2009) Reviews konnten soziale Unterstützung als einen signifikanten Prädiktor für einen günstigeren Krankheitsverlauf identifizieren, insbesondere bei Brustkrebspatientinnen. "
Available from: nursinglibrary.org
- "The Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ) (Northouse, 1988) is a self-administered measure of social support perceived by the study participant from five sources: spouse, family member, friend, nurse, and physician. A five-point Likert-type scale ranging from strongly disagree (1) to strongly agree (5) was used to rate eight items for each of the five sources of support, yielding a total of 40 items. "
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ABSTRACT: To examine the differences between Latina and Caucasian breast cancer survivors in perceived social support, uncertainty, and quality of life (QOL), and the differences between the cohorts in selected demographic variables.
Descriptive, comparative study.
Selected private hospitals and American Cancer Society units in a metropolitan area of the northeastern United States.
182 Caucasian and 98 Latina breast cancer survivors.
Participants completed a personal data sheet, the Social Support Questionnaire, the Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale-Community Form, and the Ferrans and Powers QOL Index-Cancer Version III at home and returned the questionnaires to the investigators via postage-paid envelope.
Perceived social support, uncertainty, and QOL.
Caucasians reported significantly higher levels of total perceived social support and QOL than Latinas.
Psychiatric illness comorbidity and lower level of education in Latinas were factors in the disparity of QOL.
Nurses should be mindful of the essential association of perceived social support, uncertainty, and QOL in Latina breast cancer survivors and how Latinas differ from Caucasian breast cancer survivors. Factors such as cultural values, comorbidities, and education level likely influence perceived social support, uncertainty, and QOL.
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