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Thrombospondin promotes platelet aggregation
Abstract and Figures
Thrombospondin (TSP), isolated from human platelets, promotes aggregation of both nonstimulated platelets and platelets stimulated with thrombin or ADP. The TSP-promoted aggregation is specific since a monoclonal antibody against TSP inhibits the effect of exogenously added TSP and inhibits thrombin-induced platelet aggregation in the absence of added TSP. Several lines of evidence suggest that TSP mediates its effect on aggregation of nonstimulated and stimulated platelets through different platelet-surface receptor systems. The TSP-promoted aggregation of nonstimulated platelets was inhibited by a monoclonal antibody to platelet glycoprotein IV (GPIV), but not by a monoclonal antibody to the fibrinogen receptor, GPIIb-IIIa. In contrast, the antibody to GPIIb-IIIa totally inhibited the TSP-potentiated aggregation of thrombin-stimulated platelets, whereas the antibody to GPIV has no effect. Thus, these studies suggest that TSP promotes platelet aggregation by at least two mechanisms--one dependent on and one independent of the platelet fibrinogen receptor system.
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