The Impact of diabetes education and peer support upon weight and glycaemic control of elderly persons with non insulin dependent diabetes (NIDDM)

American Journal of Public Health (Impact Factor: 4.55). 06/1987; 77(5):634-5. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.77.5.634
Source: PubMed


We assessed diabetes education and peer support interventions as facilitators of weight loss and glycemic control in a community sample of 79 elderly persons with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Different groups received: education only, education and peer support, and no treatment. Peer support was higher in groups where it was actively facilitated. Weight loss and reduction in level of glycemic control occurred within groups receiving both diabetes education and peer support.

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Available from: Clara C. Pratt, Jun 21, 2014
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    • "Despite numerous hypotheses about underlying mechanisms, and a large body of evidence emphasizing the prognostic importance of social support for heart disease morbidity and mortality, there are very few published accounts of interventions specifically designed to train adults, especially women, at risk for CHD in obtaining or maintaining social support. In those that do exist (Wilson and Pratt, 1987; Chesney, 1996; Barrera et al., 2002), rarely has it been possible to identify the separate 575 influences of social support factors. This project experimentally investigated whether ongoing support group sessions over 24 months enhanced the practice and maintenance of healthful lifestyle behaviors relative to usual care. "
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    • "Therefore, subjects in this group were given no encouragement or social support during the intervention. There is evidence that social support is effective in increasing compliance with medical prescriptions and lifestyle changes such as participation in diet or exercise programs (McMurdo and Rennie, 1994;Green, 1987;Becker, 1985;Wilson and Pratt, 1987;Sluijs et al., 1993;Williams et al., 1991), although individual attention is not always sufficient in improving adherence (Fishman, 1995). A study by Perkins et al. (1986) examined the effectiveness of a structured social support program in increasing exercise in nursing home residents. "
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