Attitudes toward deinstitutionalization: National survey of families of institutionalized persons with mental retardation

Mental Retardation 11/1987; 25(5):267-74.
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Studies of deinstitutionalization of people with developmental disability are reviewed. Positive effects on the skills and behaviour, level of activity and social interaction and the general quality of life of relocated subjects have been generally obtained in these studies. In particular, an association has been demonstrated between normalization of the environment and improvements in adaptive behaviour. The outcome for those with severe maladaptive behaviours and for profoundly multiply disabled people is less positive, but there is some evidence that under certain conditions they too can show improvements in their functioning when transferred to community-supported residences. The relevance of these findings for the current debate on deinstitutionalization of developmentally disabled people in Australia is discussed.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1988 · Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability
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    ABSTRACT: Psychological distress, marital satisfaction, family adaptability, and cohesion are explored in 31 families with mentally retarded (MR) institutionalized offspring (late adolescence and young adulthood) and 38 comparison families. Multivariate analyses indicate no differences between the groups, although univariate analyses point to higher levels of cohesion in the families with MR offspring and the importance of the construct of adaptability in understanding family functioning. The results are discussed in terms of the adaptive coping mechanisms of the families with MR offspring and the implications of this for intervention, research, and policy.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1990 · Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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    ABSTRACT: This is the second of two papers describing the outcome of deinstitutionalizing St. Nicholas Hospital for children and young adults with severe intellectual and physical disabilities. This paper describes changes to the residents' normal life routines and social activities, including level of contact with family and the community, following their relocation to small group homes known as Community Residential Units (CRUs).
    No preview · Article · Jan 1990 · Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability
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