Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether (diEGME) was one of 15 glycols tested in CD-1 mice using a short-term in vivo reproductive toxicity assay (Chernoff/Kavlock test). Because results were strongly suggestive of potential reproductive toxicity, a teratology study was conducted in Sprague-Dawley rats. Time-mated females were orally dosed on Days 7-16 of gestation with diEGME in distilled water. Doses of 0, 1000, 1495, 2235, 3345, and 5175 mg/kg/day were used in a preliminary dose-finding study. At 5175 mg/kg/day, two of nine rats died, five of five litters were totally resorbed, and maternal extra gestational body weight gain was reduced. At 3345 mg/kg/day, six of nine litters were resorbed but there were no deaths and extra gestational body weight gain was not affected. Visceral and skeletal examinations revealed a dose-related increase in malformations, primarily of the ribs and cardiovascular system. Subsequently, pregnant rats were similarly dosed with 0, 720, or 2165 mg/kg/day. Neither dose was maternally toxic, but fetal body weights and the number of live implantations were significantly reduced at 2165 mg/kg/day. Rib malformations were seen in 9.1% (control), 42.9% (720 mg/kg/day, p less than 0.05), and 80.0% (2165 mg/kg/day, p less than 0.001) of litters. Cardiovascular malformations occurred in 0.0, 4.8, and 71.4% (p less than 0.001) of litters. Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether thus was teratogenic in rats at all doses tested, producing a dose-dependent series of malformations similar to those produced by other members of the glycol ether family.