Dynamics of a stressful encounter: Cognitive appraisal, coping, and encounter outcomes.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 992-1003

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (Impact Factor: 5.08). 06/1986; 50(5):992-1003.
Source: PubMed


Despite the importance that is attributed to coping as a factor in psychological and somatic health outcomes, little is known about actual coping processes, the variables that influence them, and their relation to the outcomes of the stressful encounters people experience in their day-to-day lives. This study uses an intraindividual analysis of the interrelations among primary appraisal (what was at stake in the encounter), secondary appraisal (coping options), eight forms of problem- and emotion-focused coping, and encounter outcomes in a sample of community-residing adults. Coping was strongly related to cognitive appraisal; the forms of coping that were used varied depending on what was at stake and the options for coping. Coping was also differentially related to satisfactory and unsatisfactory encounter outcomes. The findings clarify the functional relations among appraisal and coping variables and the outcomes of stressful encounters.

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Available from: Christine Dunkel Schetter
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    • "l " by Rothbaum et al . ( 1982 ) , also marks the second possible outcome of experience , with key importance in terms of appraisal / understanding . Where before a viewer had structured a task as an exercise in self - reinforcement , this stage carries with it an implicit acceptance of insufficiency and need for protecting the self . According to Folkman et al . ( 1986 , p . 1000"
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    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · Frontiers in Psychology
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    • "Coping has been defined as a 'person's constantly changing cognitive and behavioural efforts to manage specific external and/or internal demands that are appraised as taxing or exceeding the person's resources' (Folkman et al., 1986: 993). The concept covers both emotional regulation and concrete problem-solving strategies. "
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