Prolactin administration stimulates rat hepatic DNA synthesis

Department of Surgery, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (Impact Factor: 2.3). 09/1986; 138(3):1138-45. DOI: 10.1016/S0006-291X(86)80401-6
Source: PubMed


Prolactin is an important growth modulatory hormone in fetal and adult tissues. Its administration stimulates enzymatic markers of the G1 phase of cell cycle in rat liver and other tissues. To determine the effects of prolactin administration on hepatic DNA synthesis (S phase), rats received prolactin at 12 hour intervals for 48 hours and DNA synthesis was assessed by [3H]-thymidine incorporation. Prolactin administration stimulated DNA synthesis 2-4 fold above controls in the livers of adult and weanling animals. Increased incorporation of radiolabel was associated with the nucleus of hepatoparenchymal cells. These data support the hypothesis that prolactin may be a physiological regulator of hepatic DNA synthesis. Further, since stress stimulates prolactin secretion, we suggest that prolactin may participate in the hepatic compensatory hyperplasia elicited by the stress associated with partial hepatectomy.

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    ABSTRACT: Prolactin stimulates a hepatotrophic response similar to that caused by phorbol esters or partial hepatectomy in rats. Since phorbol esters, which activate protein kinase C, mimic prolactin action in liver, the relationship between prolactin administration and subsequent hepatic protein kinase C translocation was assessed. Prolactin administration rapidly stimulated a 4-fold elevation of membrane protein kinase C activity. The effect of prolactin on hepatic protein kinase C was specific for lactogenic hormones but could be duplicated by phorbol esters. Further, an increase in serum prolactin was demonstrated subsequent to partial hepatectomy and preceding hepatic protein kinase C translocation. Therefore, translocation of hepatic protein kinase C appears important for hepatic proliferation in response to prolactin administration and to partial hepatectomy.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1988 · Life Sciences
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    No preview · Article · Feb 1988 · Advances in Enzyme Regulation
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    ABSTRACT: Rat liver nuclei pure by enzymatic and electron microscope criteria contain protein kinase C (PKC) that can be activated several hundredfold within 3 min of addition of prolactin or phorbol 12-tetradecanoate 13-acetate. Rat prolactin stimulated PKC maximally at 10(-12) M, whereas ovine prolactin was maximally stimulatory at 10(-10) M. Activation was time and dose dependent, exhibited a biphasic pattern, and was blocked by anti-prolactin antiserum, by PKC inhibitors such as 1-(5-isoquinolinylsulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H-7) and sphingosine, and by cyclosporine. Moreover, the ability of prolactin to activate nuclear PKC was inhibited totally by a monoclonal antibody to the rat liver prolactin receptor, implicating a prolactin receptor-mediated activation process. Epidermal growth factor (EGF), a liver mitogen, caused a lesser but significant activation of nuclear PKC. However, EGF and suboptimal prolactin were synergistic. Human growth hormone, which has lactogenic properties, stimulated PKC activity, whereas nonlactogenic substances such as ovine growth hormone, insulin, dexamethasone, and 8-bromo-cAMP were inactive. That this may be a general mechanism for prolactin is suggested by the ability of prolactin to stimulate PKC 140-fold in rat splenocyte nuclei. Prolactin has comitogenic properties in lymphocytes.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 1988 · Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
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