Radio galaxies in the 2SLAQ Luminous Red Galaxy Survey: I. The evolution of low-power radio galaxies to z~0.7

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (Impact Factor: 5.11). 12/2006; 381(1). DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2007.12231.x
Source: arXiv


We have combined optical data from the 2dF-SDSS (Sloan Digital Sky Survey) LRG (Luminous Red Galaxy) and QSO (quasi-stellar object) (2SLAQ) redshift survey with radio measurements from the 1.4 GHz VLA (Very Large Array) FIRST (Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty-cm) and NVSS (NRAO VLA Sky Survey) surveys to identify a volume-limited sample of 391 radio galaxies at redshift 0.4 < z < 0.7. By determining an accurate radio luminosity function for luminous early-type galaxies in this redshift range, we can investigate the cosmic evolution of the radio-galaxy population over a wide range in radio luminosity.
The low-power radio galaxies in our LRG sample (those with 1.4 GHz radio luminosities in the range 1024 to 1025 W Hz−1, corresponding to Fanaroff–Riley I (FR I) radio galaxies in the local Universe) undergo significant cosmic evolution over the redshift range 0 < z < 0.7, consistent with pure luminosity evolution of the form (1 +z)k, where k= 2.0 ± 0.3. Our results appear to rule out (at the 6–7σ level) models in which low-power radio galaxies undergo no cosmic evolution. The most powerful radio galaxies in our sample (with radio luminosities above 1026 W Hz−1) may undergo more rapid evolution over the same redshift range.
The evolution seen in the low-power radio-galaxy population implies that the total energy input into massive early-type galaxies from active galactic nucleus (AGN) heating increases with redshift, and was at least 50 per cent higher at z∼ 0.55 (the median redshift of the 2SLAQ LRG sample) than in the local universe.

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    Preview · Article · Mar 2007 · Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
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    Preview · Article · Nov 2007 · Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper the cosmic evolution of the space density of Fanaroff & Riley Class I (FRI) radio sources is investigated out to z ~ 1, in order to understand the origin of the differences between these and the more powerful FRIIs. High resolution radio images are presented of the best high redshift FRI candidate galaxies, drawn from two fields of the Leiden Berkeley Deep Survey, and previously defined in Rigby, Snellen & Best (2007, Paper I). Together with lower resolution radio observations (both previously published in Paper I and, for a subset of sources, also presented here) these are used to morphologically classify the sample. Sources which are clearly resolved are classified by morphology alone, whereas barely or unresolved sources were classified using a combination of morphology and flux density loss in the higher resolution data, indicative of resolved out extended emission. The space densities of the FRIs are then calculated as a function of redshift, and compared to both measurements of the local value and the behaviour of the more powerful FRIIs. The space density of FRI radio sources with luminosities (at 1.4 GHz) > 10^25 W/Hz is enhanced by a factor of 5-9 by z ~ 1, implying moderately strong evolution of this population; this enhancement is in good agreement with models of FRII evolution at the same luminosity. There are also indications that the evolution is luminosity dependent, with the lower powered sources evolving less strongly. Comment: 27 pages, 9 figures, accepted for publication in MNRAS
    Preview · Article · Dec 2007 · Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
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