Monoclonal antibodies to low density lipoprotein used for the study of low- and very-low-density lipoproteins, in "ELISA" and immunoprecipitation technics
Montpellier SupAgro, Montpelhièr, Languedoc-Roussillon, FranceBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (Impact Factor: 2.3). 01/1985; 125(2):704-11. DOI: 10.1016/0006-291X(84)90596-5
Seven monoclonal antibodies to low-density lipoprotein were studied by the ELISA for their reactivity with LDL or VLDL. Cotitration experiments showed that five of them are addressed to different antigenic epitopes. Two of the monoclonal antibodies were temperature independent whereas the others had a decreased binding activity at 37 degrees C compared to that obtained at 25 degrees C or 4 degrees C, suggesting the presence of antibodies directed to sequence or conformation epitopes, respectively. All antibodies reacted with both LDL and VLDL; four of them had a higher affinity for LDL and two others for VLDL. Immunoprecipitation of LDL and/or VLDL was observed upon immunodiffusion with certain pairs of antibodies. This may allow the use of pairs of monoclonal antibodies to LDL for the quantitative determination of apolipoprotein B in serum LDL and VLDL.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Human serum low density lipoprotein (LDL) is a large (Mr = 2-3 X 10(6), complex particle composed of lipid, protein and carbohydrate. We obtained about 40 mouse spleen-myeloma hybrid cell lines which produce antibodies against LDL. Three of them, SC2, SC3 and SC10, have been cloned and subcloned and their antibody products characterized. They recognize three non-overlapping epitopes in native LDL. Two of them, SC3 and SC10, also are capable of recognizing very low density lipoprotein, (VLDL), whereas SC2 reacts only weakly with VLDL. All three antigenic determinants remain intact, and accessible to antibodies on the LDL protein apo B, prepared by delipidation in a 'non-denaturing' detergent, sodium deoxycholate. However, apo B prepared by organic solvent, ether-ethanol, or sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) delipidation, while reacting strongly with SC10, is only poorly recognized by SC2 or SC3. Proteolysis of LDL with trypsin, chymotrypsin, Staphylococcus aureus protease, papain or thermolysin gives, in each case, several non-identical protein fragments which are separable by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Upon immunoblotting, some of these fragments are now recognized by either SC3 or SC10 but not SC2, some are recognized by both SC3 and SC10, and others are immunologically unreactive. The protein bands that are separated by SDS gel electrophoresis are composed of several non-identical fragments and contain the antigenic sites to differing degrees. Some of the immunologically reactive fragments do not appear to contain carbohydrate. Reduction and carboxymethylation do not destroy the immunoreactivity of LDL toward any of the antibodies; however, modification of lysine residues by citraconic anhydride markedly diminishes the reactivity of LDL toward SC3. It is likely that the two antibodies SC3 and SC10 are directed against different linear amino acid sequences or very stable domains, whereas the third, SC2, is directed against a more fragile conformational domain of apo B.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We describe here seven cases (from five kindreds) of Anderson's disease, which is characterized by diarrhea, steatorrhea, hypobetalipoproteinemia with low levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and phospholipids, and failure to secrete chylomicrons after a fat meal. Enterocytes isolated from intestinal biopsies of patients after overnight fast showed numerous fat droplets, a histological picture resembling that of abetalipoproteinemia. Immunoenzymatic staining of the enterocytes demonstrated large amounts of material that reacted with a polyclonal antiserum to apolipoprotein B. Further, the immunoreactive material was found to react with several different monoclonal antibodies capable of recognizing both the B100 and B48 forms of apoprotein B, but not with any of several monoclonal antibodies capable of recognizing only B100. This suggests that the material in the enterocytes is the B48 form of apoprotein B or a fragment thereof. Additional findings included decreased low density lipoprotein levels with an abnormal chemical composition, abnormal high density lipoprotein2 (HDL2) and HDL3 particle size distributions, and an abnormal HDL apoprotein composition. Increased amounts of proteins having electrophoretic mobilities similar to apo E and the E-AII complex were present. Finally, some cases exhibited additional protein components of apparent molecular weights between 17,000 and 28,000, which was similar to some cases of abetalipoproteinemia. These findings demonstrate that Anderson's disease is not due to the absence of synthesis of intestinal apo B and suggest that it is more complex than previously thought, affecting all the lipoprotein classes.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Three mouse monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) to human apo A-I were produced using apolipoprotein A-I or HDL3 as immunogens. These monoclonal antibodies, 2G11, 4A12 and 4B11, were characterized for their reactivity with isolated apolipoprotein A-I and HDL in solution. The immunoblotting patterns of the HDL3 two-dimensional electrophoresis show that these three monoclonal antibodies reacted with all the polymorphic forms of apolipoprotein A-I. Cotitration experiments indicated that they correspond to three distinct epitopes. In order to locate these three antigenic determinants on the isolated apolipoprotein A-I, the reactivity of the three monoclonal antibodies has been studied on CNBr-cleaved apolipoprotein A-I. The monoclonal antibodies 2G11 and 4A12 addressed to the amino (CNBr 1) and carboxy (CNBr 4) terminal segments, respectively. In comparison with the monoclonal antibodies characterized by Weech et al. ((1985) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 835, 390-401), monoclonal antibody 4A12 is the only one described in the literature which is specific of the carboxy terminal segment of apolipoprotein A-I. Monoclonal antibody 4B11 does not react with any CNBr fragment, its binding is temperature dependent, it could be directed to a conformational epitope. Relative differences were demonstrated in the expression of the three epitopes in HDL subfractions isolated by density gradient ultracentrifugation. According to Curtiss and Edgington ((1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 2982-2993) our results indicate the existence of an immunochemical heterogeneity in the organization of apolipoprotein A-I at the surface of HDL particles as well as in the soluble form of apolipoprotein A-I.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.