Skeff KM, Campbell M, Stratos G, Jones HW 3rd, Cooke M. Assessment by attending physicians of a seminar method to improve clinical teaching
The authors in this article present assessments by attending physicians of a seminar method to improve clinical teaching. An experimental study was conducted to determine whether or not the seminar method (a) is perceived by attending physicians as beneficial, (b) modifies the physicians' attitudes toward teaching, (c) enables attending physicians to define needed teaching changes, (d) motivates them to improve their teaching performance, and (e) is perceived as having long-term benefits. Forty-six inpatient attending physicians from four California institutions participated in the study. The physicians were randomly assigned to an experimental group which attended a seminar on clinical teaching or to a control group which received no such intervention. Questionnaires completed by the physicians indicated that the teachers who experienced the seminar method perceived it as beneficial, improved their attitudes toward clinical teaching, determined needed teaching changes, attempted to implement new teaching approaches, and perceived long-term benefits.
Available from: Martin R Fischer
- "He initially filmed hundreds of hours of classroom teaching and correlated certain teaching methods and teacher behaviours with student assessments regarding their teaching effectiveness. In the course of numerous studies, a faculty development program was developed which made it possible for the faculty to analyse its teaching and at the same time improve the teaching competence of teachers in through standardised events , , , , , , , , , . As part of this program, a reliable and dependable English-language instrument tool of teaching performance was developed on the basis of seven categories (SFDP26) and which has been widely introduced to training programs and medical educational research in the English speaking world , http://www.acgme.org/outcome/downloads/PBLI/15_pbli.pdf. "
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ABSTRACT: Aims: Evaluation of the effectiveness of clinical teaching is an important contribution for the quality control of medical teaching. This should be evaluated using a reliable instrument in order to be able to both gauge the status quo and the effects of instruction. In the Stanford Faculty Development Program (SFDP), seven categories have proven to be appropriate: Establishing the Learning Climate, Controlling a Teaching Session, Communication of Goals, Encouraging Understanding and Retention, Evaluation, Feedback and Self-directed Learning. Since 1998, the SFDP26 questionnaire has established itself as an evaluation tool in English speaking countries. To date there is no equivalent German-language questionnaire available which evaluates the overall effectiveness of teaching.Question:Development and theoretical testing of a German-language version of SFDP26 (SFDP26-German),Check the correlation of subscale of SFDPGerman against overall effectiveness of teaching.Methods: 19 anaesthetists (7 female, 12 male) from the University of Lübeck were evaluated at the end of a teaching seminar on emergency medical care using SFDP-German. The sample consisted of 173 medical students (119 female (68.8%) and 54 male (31.2%), mostly from the fifth semester (6.6%) and sixth semester (80.3%). The mean age of the students was 23±3 years. Results: The discriminatory power of all items ranged between good and excellent (r(it)=0.48-0.75). All subscales displayed good internal consistency (α=0.69-0.92) and significant positive inter-scale correlations (r=0.40-0.70). The subscales and "overall effectiveness of teaching" showed significant correlation, with the highest correlation for the subscale "communication of goals (p< 0.001; r = 0.61).Conclusion: The analysis of SFDP26-German confirms high internal consistency. Future research should investigate the effectiveness of the individual categories on the overall effectiveness of teaching and validate according to external criteria.
Available from: Saleem Razack
- "The problem with the traditional way is that sometimes the learners do not appreciate how little they know about the subject before they participate in the exercise. Therefore, when compared to traditional questionnaires , retrospective pre/post questionnaires have been shown to more accurately reflect learning during an educational activity (Skeff et al. 1984). "
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ABSTRACT: Paediatric residency programs rarely prepare trainees to assume resuscitation team leadership roles despite the recognized need for these skills by specialty accreditation organizations. We conducted a needs-assessment survey of all residents in the McGill Pediatric Residency Program, which demonstrated that most residents had minimal or no experience at leading resuscitation events and felt unprepared to assume this role in the future. Aims: We developed an educational intervention (workshop) and evaluated immediate and long term learning outcomes in order to determine whether residents could acquire and retain team leadership skills in pediatric advanced resuscitation.
Fifteen paediatric residents participated in a workshop that we developed to fulfill the learning needs highlighted with the needs assessment, as well as the Objectives of Training in Pediatrics from the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. It consisted of a plenary session followed by 2 simulated resuscitation scenarios. Team performance was evaluated by checklist. Residents were evaluated again 6 months later without prior interactive lecture. Learning was also assessed by self-reported retrospective pre/post questionnaire.
Checklist score (assigning roles, limitations of team, communication, overall team atmosphere) expressed as % correct: initial workshop scenario 1 vs. scenario 2 (63 vs. 82 p < 0.05); 6-month scenario with prior workshop exposure vs. control (74 vs. 50 p < 0.01); initial workshop scenario 2 vs. 6-month scenario control (82 vs. 50 p < 0.001). Retrospective pre/post survey (5 point Likert scale) revealed self-reported learning in knowledge of tasks, impact and components of communication, avoidance of fixation errors and overall leadership performance (p < 0.001).
Residents acquired resuscitation team leadership skills following an educational intervention as shown by both observational checklist scores and self-reported survey. The six-month follow-up evaluation demonstrated skill retention beyond the initial intervention. A control group suggested that these results were due to completion of the first workshop.
Available from: Debra A Darosa
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