The Influence Of Ionic Strength, Ph And A Protein Layer On The Interaction Between Streptococcus Mutans And Glass Surfaces

Journal of general microbiology 03/1983; 129(2):439-45. DOI: 10.1099/00221287-129-2-439
Source: PubMed


The initial interaction between Streptococcus mutans and hard surfaces has been investigated using a rotating disc technique. The deposition to clean and BSA-coated glass of two strains of S. mutans, FA-1 (serotype b) and KPSK2 (serotype c), which exhibit different surface properties, was studied. Organisms were harvested from cultures grown in a chemostat at a dilution rate of 0.06 h-1 and suspended in NaCl solutions of defined ionic strengths and pH values. The deposition of both strains showed a strong dependence on electrolyte concentration, particularly at low ionic strengths, which was inversely related to the zeta potentials of the organisms. Similarly, the ionic strength at which maximum deposition was first noted (critical coagulation concentration) for the two strains correlated with their relative potentials. Deposition was insensitive to changes in pH at an electrolyte concentration of 0.05 M. The maximum observed deposition did not approach values predicted by theory, suggesting that a further barrier to deposition, other than electrostatic repulsion, might exist. Under all experimental conditions, some of the deposited bacteria were observed to be oscillating, suggesting that they were held at a distance from the collector surface. The cells did not, however, appear to be deposited in a secondary minimum predicted by DLVO theory hence it may be that long-range polymer interactions are also involved in the deposition of these organisms.

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    • "It had no effect (p>0.05) on biofilm formation by the S. mitis strain. It was reported by many authors that cell-bound glucan enhanced biofilm formation by oral bacteria (Abbott et al. 1983;Lynch et al. 2007); the findings of this study concur. It was also apparent in the present study that the addition of sucrose enhanced biofilm formation by the two strains of S. mutans on all surfaces, but inhibited their attachment. "
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    ABSTRACT: Synthesis of cell-bound glucan from dietary sucrose by oral pathogenic bacteria may influence bacterial cell surface properties and colonization of surfaces. This study investigated the effects of the addition of 2 % sucrose to culture medium on cell surface properties (hydrophobicity, charge, and auto-aggregation) and colonization activities (attachment and biofilm formation) on three abiotic surfaces (hydroxyapatite, glass, and stainless steel) of two Streptococcus mutans strains, one Streptococcus salivarius strain, one Streptococcus mitis strain, and one Actinomyces naeslundii strain. The results showed that the additional sucrose reduced the hydrophobicity of three strains (44-62 %) and increased that of one strain (31 %). Cellular aggregation of one strain was decreased (13 %) and that of another increased (21 %). No change in the surface charge of strains was apparent. Additional sucrose also inhibited the attachment of three strains (0.6-1.3 log CFU cm−2) and enhanced that of one strain (0.5-1.3 log CFU cm−2) to glass and stainless steel. The attachment of two strains to hydroxyapatite was reduced (0.9-1.3 log CFU cm−2). Biofilm formation by four strains was enhanced on all surfaces (0.4-1 log CFU cm−2). No relationship between changes in cell surface properties and changes in colonization activities was apparent. Sucrose does not always enhance oral bacterial colonization of abiotic surfaces.
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