pH-dependent effects of sodium tungstate on the steroid-binding properties of hen oviduct progesterone receptor
Department of Biological Sciences, Oakland University, Rochester, MI 48063 U.S.A.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (Impact Factor: 4.66). 12/1982; 719(2):267-72. DOI: 10.1016/0304-4165(82)90098-8
Effects of sodium tungstate on the steroid-binding properties of hen oviduct progesterone receptor were examined and were found to be pH-dependent. When freshly prepared hen oviduct cytosol containing progesterone receptor was heated at 37 degrees C for 20 min, its ability to bind [3H]progesterone decreased to 20% level of unheated samples. At pH 7, presence of 2-3 mM tungstate during the above incubation period reduced this loss of binding. At higher tungstate concentrations (greater than 5 mM), this stabilizing effect was gradually abolished. Similar results were obtained with preparations that contained [3H]progesterone-receptor complexes; 70-80% of which remained after a 20 min incubation at 37 degrees C in the presence of 2-3 mM tungstate at pH 7. At pH 8, presence of tungstate (1-10 mM) during the 37 degrees C incubation stabilized both the steroid-bound and the unoccupied progesterone receptor in a concentration-dependent manner. The extent of steroid binding by the receptor at 4 degrees C remained unchanged in the presence of up to 10 mM tungstate at both pH 7 and pH 8 assay conditions while presence of 20 mM tungstate lowered this binding capacity. These results indicate that tungstate effects may be mediated via its interaction with the progesterone receptor.
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ABSTRACT: The chick oviduct cytosol progesterone receptor, when complexed with ligand, can be exposed to urea concentrations as high as 3 M (at 0 degrees C) without loss of steroid binding capacity. The ligand dissociation rate is increased greater than or equal to 10 fold under these conditions. The "native" 8 S form of the receptor is progressively converted to a 4 S species by urea (greater than 2 M) as seen in ultracentrifugation analysis. This conversion is inhibited by Na2MoO4 (5-50 mM) suggesting that molybdate stabilizes the 8 S molecule by direct interaction. At urea concentrations above 2 M, the ligand-free receptor looses progressively its binding capacity. The "transformed", 4 S receptor was less stable than the 8 S species, and could not be protected by molybdate.
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ABSTRACT: Recently we reported that adding molybdate to crude steroid-free cytosol at 0°C results in a dose-dependent reduction in the binding of [3H]aldosterone ([3H]ALDO), to Type I adrenocorticosteroid receptors. In the experiments outlined here, we found that addition of molybdate to steroid-free brain cytosol produces a 30–50% increase in the subsequently measured maximal specific binding capacity (B MAX) of [3H]ALDO-Type I receptors if the cytosol is subjected to Sephadex G-25 gel filtration prior to steroid addition. These manipulations were found to have no effect on the equilibrium dissociation constant (K d) of the receptors. In contrast, when gel filtration of steroid-free cytosol was performed in the absence of molybdate, there was a 2-fold increase in the Kd and over a 50% reduction in the subsequently measuredB MAX of [3H]ALDO-Type I receptors. When molybdate was added to this steroid-free cytosol immediately following gel filtration, there was no reduction (or increase) in Type I receptor [3H]ALDO binding capacity compared with nongel-filtered controls. The addition of as little as 2 mM molybdate to crude steroid-free cytosol was found to stabilize the binding capacity of Type I receptors during exposure to 22°C incubations; however, when gel-filtered steroid-free cytosol was exposed to these conditions at least 10 mM molybdate was required to stabilize Type I receptor binding capacity. Adding the sulfhydryl reducing reagent, dithiothreitol, to the various steroid-free cytosols had little effect on [3H]ALDO-Type I receptor binding. The effects of molybdate, revealed in this study, on Type I receptors in brain cytosol subjected to gel filtration are clearly different from those seen with receptors in crude cytosol preparations, as well as from those reported in the literature for other steroid receptors. Possible mechanisms of action of molybdate on unoccupied Type I receptors in crude and gel-filtered cytosol are discussed.
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