A novel protein with a molecular mass of 55 kDa, as determined by SDS-PAGE, was purified from plasmodia of Physarum polycephalum. The protein bound to actin filaments with a stoichiometry of 0.27 moles per mole of actin with an apparent dissociation constant of 4 x 10(-8) M. In the presence of ATP, the protein dissociated from actin filaments. Adenosine 5-(gamma-thio)triphosphate and adenyl-5'-yl imidodiphosphate also abolished the actin-binding activity of the protein, but GTP did not. Because the cytoplasmic concentration of ATP oscillates in association with the shuttle streaming of the cytoplasm, it is possible that this protein might be involved in the actin-linked regulation of cytoplasmic streaming.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.
"One occurs through a regulatory system involving myosin light chain kinase (Adelstein et al. 1973; Kamm and Stull 1985; Moussavi et al. 1993). The other occurs through calciumregulated actin-linked control, in which F-actin side-binding proteins inhibit actin-myosin interactions (Ebashi and Endo 1968; Ishikawa et al. 1995). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Drebrin is a well-known side-binding protein of F-actin in the brain. Immunohistochemical data suggest that the peripheral parts of growing axons are enriched in the drebrin E isoform and mature axons are not. It has also been observed that drebrin E is concentrated in the growth cones of PC12 cells. These data strongly suggest that drebrin E plays a role in axonal growth during development. In this study, we used primary hippocampal neuronal cultures to analyze the role of drebrin E. Immunocytochemistry showed that within axonal growth cones drebrin E specifically localized to the transitional zone, an area in which dense networks of F-actins and microtubules overlapped. Over-expression of drebrin E caused drebrin E and F-actin to accumulate throughout the growth cone and facilitated axonal growth. In contrast, knockdown of drebrin E reduced drebrin E and F-actin in the growth cone and prevented axonal growth. Furthermore, inhibition of myosin II ATPase masked the promoting effects of drebrin E over-expression on axonal growth. These results suggest that drebrin E plays a role in axonal growth through actin-myosin interactions in the transitional zone of axonal growth cones.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2009 · Journal of Neurochemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Plasmodia of Physarum polycephalum show vigorous cytoplasmic streaming, the motive force of which is supported by the actin-myosin interaction. Calcium is not required for the interaction but inhibits it. This calcium inhibition, a regulatory mode first discovered in Physarum, is the overwhelming mode of regulation of cytoplasmic streaming of plant cells and lower eukaryotes, and it is diametrically opposite to calcium activation of the interaction found in muscle and nonmuscle cells of the animal kingdom. Myosin, myosin II in myosin superfamily, is the most important protein for Ca2+ action. Its essential light chain, called calcium-binding light chain, is the sole protein that binds Ca2+. Although phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of myosin modify its properties, regulation of physiological significance is shown to be Ca-binding to myosin. The actin-binding protein of Physarum amplifies calcium inhibition when Ca2+ binds to calmodulin and other calcium-binding proteins. This review also includes characterization of this and other calcium-binding proteins of Physarum.
No preview · Article · Feb 1999 · International Review of Cytology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Coronin was first isolated from Dictyostelium, but similar proteins have been identified in many species and individual cell types. The coronin-like protein in yeast promotes actin polymerization and also interacts with microtubules. Dictyostelium mutants lacking coronin are impaired in cytokinesis and all actin-mediated processes. Analysis of coronin-GFP (green-fluorescent protein) fusions and knockout mutants shows that coronin participates in the remodelling of the cortical actin cytoskeleton that is responsible for phagocytosis and macropinocytosis. Likewise, in mammalian neutrophils, a coronin-like protein is also associated with the phagocytic apparatus. The diversity of function in this family of actin-associated proteins is just beginning to be explored.
No preview · Article · Oct 1999 · Trends in Cell Biology