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Dreadlocks and Mental Disease: An old argument and an early epidemiological study (1843)

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Premier chirurgien de la Garde Impériale, Dominique Larrey (1766–1842), qui suivit la Grande Armée à travers l’Europe, profita de la campagne de Pologne pour employer les « momens (sic) de loisir que (lui) laissaient (ses) devoirs » pour étudier ce qui était alors considéré comme une maladie des cheveux : la plique polonaise3, 4.
Article
We describe a 62-year-old patient with a chronic delusional disorder who presented with severely matted hair ("plica polonica"). Until the late 19th century such dreadlocks were considered as cause, consequence and treatment of mental disease. The historical development of "plica polonica" is briefly reviewed as an example of early and once popular psychiatric disease concepts.
Uber die Ursachen derMenschenund Thiere
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