Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) protease activity in the urine of children with chronic renal failure
Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, CA 94305-5119. Pediatric Nephrology
(Impact Factor: 2.86).
09/1993; 7(4):416-23. DOI: 10.1007/BF00857555
The insulin-like growth factors, IGF-1 and IGF-II, are polypeptides that potentiate cellular growth. In addition to binding to specific cell surface receptors, the IGFs bind with high affinity to a family of proteins, the insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs). Serum and urine IGFBP patterns are altered in individuals with chronic renal failure (CRF). We recently reported that the urinary IGFBP pattern of CRF patients is unique for increased insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (U-IGFBP-1) levels. In this study, we used western ligand blotting (WLB), western immunoblotting (WIB), and radioimmunoassay (RIA) to further evaluate serum and urine IGFBP profiles of children with CRF (n = 14). Five patients with CRF displayed decreased serum IGFBP-3 profiles by WLB. Serum IGFBP-3 WIB profiles were remarkable for 30- and 20-kDa fragments of IGFBP-3 not seen in control serum. Serum IGFBP-3 levels, as determined by RIA, were slightly elevated. Serum levels of IGFBP-2 also were increased, although not at a level reaching statistical significance. WLB of CRF urine revealed a large increase in U-IGFBP-1 and a complete absence of urinary IGFBP-3. Recent studies of serum from pregnant women and seminal plasma have demonstrated a similar absence of intact IGFBP-3, due to the presence of a specific IGFBP-3 protease. To evaluate whether an IGFBP-3 protease accounts for the absence of intact U-IGFBP-3 in children with CRF, urine and serum samples from individuals with CRF and controls were tested.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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ABSTRACT: The insulin-like growth factors, IGF-I and IGF-II, are proteins that promote cellular growth and differentiation of various organs, including the kidney. These peptides interact with high affinity cell surface receptors and bind to a family of IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs). Altered serum and urinary IGFBP patterns in children with chronic renal failure have been previously described. In this study, we evaluated serum and urinary IGFBP profiles in acute renal failure patients (ARF; n = 10) and chronic renal failure patients (n = 10), using Western ligand blots. Most patients with acute or chronic renal failure showed decreased intact serum IGFBP-3 and increased serum IGFBP-2. Both groups displayed marked urinary IGFBP alterations, including increased urinary IGFBP-1 and totally absent urinary IGFBP-3, as detected by Western ligand blot. To evaluate altered IGFBP profiles, we performed IGFBP-3 protease assays with sera and urine from renal failure patients and normal controls. Although control urine had only minor protease activity (defined by the ability to degrade [125I]IGFBP-3), significant protease activity was found in urine from renal failure patients. The proteolytic pattern and susceptibility to protease inhibitors in most renal failure urine samples were the same as those seen in normal urine and with plasmin. Protease activity was completely inhibited by serine protease inhibitors. We speculate that urinary protease activity is mediated primarily by a serine protease(s), which may be involved in the modulation of renal IGF activity in health and disease.
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