Ontogeny of photic-induced c-fos mRNA expression in rat suprachiasmatic nuclei
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus contains a circadian pacemaker that controls a variety of physiological and behavioral rhythms. Photic induction of immediate early genes such as c-fos in the SCN occurs in a circadian-phase dependent manner, suggesting that c-fos may be part of the pathway for entrainment of circadian rhythms. The purpose of this study was to determine the point in development when photic stimuli can first activate c-fos mRNA expression in the rat SCN. The results indicate that photic stimulation can induce statistically significant c-fos mRNA expression at circadian time 22 (CT22) on postnatal day 1 (P1), although hybridization above background levels can be detected in the SCN of some rat pups earlier in the subjective night. We infer that a multi-step pathway between visual transduction by the retina and regulation of c-fos transcription in SCN cells must be mature by CT22 on P1.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.