Article

Child abuse and neglect in Ontario: incidence and characteristics.

Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, ON.
Child welfare (Impact Factor: 0.59). 05/1995; 74(3):563-86.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

This article presents descriptive findings from the Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (OIS). OIS is the first Canadian study to examine the incidence and characteristics of reported maltreatment. The study is based on a survey form completed by child protection workers on a representative sample of 2,447 investigated children. OIS found an incidence rate of reported maltreatment of 21 per thousand children, and a 27% substantiation rate. These rates are compared to those in the United States.

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    • "& Tam , 1995 ) . Specifically , physical and mental health issues of the parents increase the likelihood of substantiation ( Williams et al . , 2011 ; Wilson et al . , 1996 ) . Parental substance abuse has been identified as one of the strongest predictors of substantiation ( English et al . , 2002 ; Scannapieco & Connell - Carrick , 2005 , 2007 ; Trocmé et al . , 1995 ) ."
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    ABSTRACT: The present study focuses on the way child protection officers (CPOs) in Israel assess suspected abuse and neglect (SCAN) reports made by hospital child protection teams (CPTs), to determine whether the alleged maltreatment is substantiated. The study was conducted in six medical centers and included 358 reports investigated by CPOs for SCAN. A structured questionnaire was completed by hospital CPTs to capture all relevant information on each child referred to the CPTs. Structured phone interviews were conducted with each of the CPOs who received a CPT report. Bivariate associations and multivariate logistic regressions were conducted to estimate the substantiation rate of cases reported by CPTs and the types of maltreatment substantiated, as well as to identify case characteristics of the child and the family that were associated with the CPOs’ substantiation decision. CPO follow-up investigations revealed a substantiation rate of 53.5%. The maltreatment type most commonly substantiated was neglect. The case characteristics associated with substantiation included socio-demographic background, parents’ health and functioning, previous contact with social services, characteristics of the hospital referral, medical findings and an assessment of the parents’ behaviors. The findings of the study highlighted the importance of cooperation between the health and welfare services and the policy makers. This cooperation is essential for identifying early signs of maltreatment. Enhanced cooperation and effective information transfer between various professionals would help prevent or at least reduce the recurrence of maltreatment and would ensure that the children and their families are treated appropriately.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · Child Abuse & Neglect
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    • "Zu letzteren gehören geringe Impulskontrolle, beständige Gefühle von Hoffnungslosigkeit, mangelnde Problemlöse-/Stressbewältigungskompetenzen sowie Intelligenzminderung. Hinzu kommen fehlende Einsicht oder unzureichende Bereitschaft zur Veränderung als Risiken, die sich aus vorhergehender oder der aktuellen Vernachlässigung bzw. Misshandlung ableiten lassen (Trocmé et al., 1995; Leventhal, 1996). "
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    ABSTRACT: In Deutschland fehlt eine interdisziplinäre Verständigung auf standardisierte und wissenschaftlich geprüfte Risikoscreening- und Diagnoseverfahren sowie auf Vorgehensweisen und Angebote bei Vernachlässigung und Kindeswohlgefährdung. Für die Risikoeinschätzung haben sich Vorgehensweisen bewährt, die auf empirisch geprüfte Verfahren zurückgreifen und auf Grundlage aller Einzelergebnisse eine zusammenfassende "klinische Synopse" vornehmen. Bei Säuglingen und Kleinkindern mit besonders hoher Gefährdung hat es sich bewährt, elterliche Erziehungs- und Beziehungskompetenzen als relevante Faktoren bei der Risikoeinschätzung, aber auch als Ansatzpunkt für Prävention und Intervention zu berücksichtigen. Hierzu gehören bindungsorientierte und videogestützte Interaktionsdiagnostik beziehungsweise der Einbezug elterlicher Bindungsrepräsentationen. Ebenso haben sich für Intervention und Versorgung bindungstheoretisch konzeptualisierte Angebote zur Förderung elterlicher Feinfühligkeit bzw. zur Förderung sicherer Bindung als wirksam erwiesen. Eine interdisziplinäre Ausrichtung sowohl der Programme als auch der Fachkräfte, die solche Angebote durchführen, wird für wesentlich erachtet. (ZPID)
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2007
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    • "This suggests that differential treatment occurs once a report of maltreatment is received. Though some studies find no effect of race on maltreatment substantiation (Haskett et al. 1995; Trocmé, McPhee, and Tam 1995; Wells, Fluke, and Brown 1995; Freeman, Levine, and Doueck 1996; King, Trocmé, and Thatte 2003), several others document higher rates of substantiation among African-American families (Eckenrode et al. 1988; Zuravin, Orme, and Hegar 1995; Needell, Brookhart, and Lee 2003). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study compares child welfare services provided to Aboriginal (Indian) and Caucasian children in Canada. The findings suggest that child welfare reports involving Aboriginal children are more likely to be classified as suspected or substantiated than reports for Caucasian children. Aboriginal children also are twice as likely to be placed in foster care. This overrepresentation in out-of-home placement is explained statistically by socioeco-nomic, child, parent, and maltreatment characteristics. In addition, these variables play a significant role in accounting for higher rates of case substantiation among Aboriginal children. These factors may reflect the multiple disadvantages experienced by Aboriginal families.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2004 · Social Service Review
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