Relationship of biopsy and final specimens in evaluation of tumor thickness in floor of mouth carcinoma
Veterans Administration Medical Center, East Orange, NJ, USA. The Laryngoscope
(Impact Factor: 2.14).
06/1995; 105(5 Pt 1):491-3. DOI: 10.1288/00005537-199505000-00008
A number of studies have suggested that tumor thickness may be a valuable prognostic indicator in the evaluation of head and neck cancers. This study examined the relationship between tumor thickness measured in preliminary biopsy specimens with the final specimens obtained in 31 patients with floor of mouth epidermoid carcinoma. There was a significant statistical correlation between biopsy and final specimens. The Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficient was 0.58, which corresponded to a significance level of P < .0005. The results of this study showed that those patients who had biopsies with a thickness less than or equal to 1 mm were likely to have final specimens with a thickness less than 2 mm. All patients with a thickness greater than 2 mm had a final specimen with a thickness greater than 3.5 mm. Modification of current biopsy techniques may result in values more predictive of final thickness measurements.
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ABSTRACT: To determine the prognostic significance of depth of invasion in laryngeal cancer, the depth of invasion of tumor was measured with an ocular micrometer on the laryngectomy specimens of 94 surgically treated patients with T1, T2, and T3 laryngeal cancer and was expressed in millimeters. There was a significant negative correlation between the depth of invasion and disease-free survival. The tumors with no clinical involvement of regional lymph nodes in neck (NO neck) had significantly less depth of invasion than those with involvement (N+ neck). The tumors with pathologically confirmed cervical lymph node metastasis had significantly more depth of invasion than those without metastasis. For tumors with a depth of invasion equal to or greater than 3.25 mm, the rate of cervical metastasis in this study has always been significantly higher than for those with a depth of invasion less than 3.25 mm (P < .05). The mean depths of invasion for cases with and without recurrence were not significantly different. According to the multivariate analysis, depth of invasion (P = .047) and patient age (P = .113) significantly affected the disease-free survival independently. The depth of invasion did not significantly affect the recurrence and the interval between surgery and the development of recurrence (P > .15). The depth of invasion should be measured in every laryngectomy specimen. The depth of invasion influences the cervical metastasis and disease-free survival significantly but does not affect the recurrence rate. The depth of invasion plays an independent role in determining the disease-free survival.
Available from: Gökhan Gedikoğlu
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ABSTRACT: Tumor thickness is a relatively new prognostic factor that has been investigated for lower lip cancer. This study was performed in 27 patients, 13 of whom had histopathologically confirmed cervical metastasis, to investigate whether tumor thickness could be used as a predictor of cervical lymph node metastasis. The mean tumor thickness of those cases with neck metastasis was 5.60 mm (SD = 2.24), and the mean thickness of cases without neck metastasis was 3. 79 mm (SD = 1.68). The difference between tumor thicknesses of both groups was found to be statistically significant (P < 0.05). The tumor thickness of 5 mm was determined as a cutoff point, above which the cervical lymph node metastasis rate was significantly increased. As a conclusion, tumor thickness is an objective histopathologic factor that is easily reproducible; it significantly influences cervical lymph node metastasis in lower lip cancer, and it may be used in the assessment of prognosis.
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