[Transient Q waves during subarachnoid hemorrhage]

ArticleinMedicina Clínica 104(18):717-8 · June 1995with2 Reads
Source: PubMed
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Electrocardiographic (ECG) changes have been frequently observed in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Their association with wall motion abnormalities of the left ventricle (LV) have not been well established. Sixteen patients with SAH were included; 2 patients with previous history of heart disease were subsequently excluded. We studied the neurological damage (Hunt-Hess grading scale), ECG (ST segment, T wave) and echocardiography (LV regional and global contractility) of 14 patients. The ECG was abnormal in 11 patients (T wave: 6 patients; ST segment: 5 patients). Echocardiography showed alterations in 5 patients, all of them with ECG changes (T wave: one patient; ST segment: 4 patients). The neurological lesion was higher in patients with abnormal echocardiogram (Hunt-Hess mean grade: 4.6 vs 2.7 in patients with normal echocardiogram; p < 0.001). An intravenous infusion of dobutamine in a 23 years old male, improved the LV ejection fraction, which was severely depressed at baseline. Mortality, in all cases secondary to the neurological damage, was higher in patients with abnormal ECG (91% vs 0% in patients with normal ECG; p = 0.01) and when the echocardiogram showed alterations although in the last case no statistical differences were found. Echocardiography abnormalities in patients with SAH and without previous history of heart disease are more frequently related to ECG changes affecting ST segment, and to a higher cerebral damage.
    Article · Jun 1998
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cutaneous infections by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are not usual but their relative importance has changed during the last few years and still further changes are expected. This study comprised 13 patients from whom NTM were recovered from skin biopsy specimens, sinus exudates or cutaneous abscesses. All samples were processed according to standard methods, and the isolates were identified by biochemical testing. Skin biopsy specimens, when available, were processed for histopathological study. The clinical records of the patients were reviewed, and the relevant clinical, microbiological and epidemiological data collected. The clinical manifestations were noted to be relatively nonspecific and consisted of draining sinuses, abscesses, ulcers and nodules with multicentric or sporotrichoid patterns. Tissue culture isolated Mycobacterium fortuitum complex in nine patients, M. avium in three, and M. marinum in one. In the nine patients studied by histopathology, various patterns were observed. These included dermo-hypodermal abscesses, suppurative granulomas, tuberculoid granulomas and granulomas with a perifollicular distribution. Cutaneous lesions can thus be the first and the only sign of NTM disease, and culture still remains the definitive diagnostic procedure.
    Article · Oct 1998