Article

Ranking police stressors

Department of Criminal Justice, Rochester Institute of Technology, New York 14623.
Psychological Reports (Impact Factor: 0.53). 11/1994; 75(2):824-6. DOI: 10.2466/pr0.1994.75.2.824
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Police stressors were measured using Spielberger's Police Stress Survey with a sample of 103 police officers. Rankings of police stressors are discussed.

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Available from: John M Violanti, Jan 27, 2016
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    • "Polis memurlarının yaşadıkları TSSB belirtilerini etkileyen etmenler ile ilgili çalışmalar daha çok birincil travmatik stres belirtileriyle ilgilidir. Fakat polis memurları ile ilgili yapılan çalışmaların sonuçları, polisler tarafından işle ilgili stresli ve travmatik olarak algılanan durumların hırpalanmış çocuklar (Violanti ve Aron, 1994) ile aile üyelerinin ve çocukların yer aldığı olaylar olduğunu (Patterson, 2001), diğer bir ifadeyle çocukların maruz kaldığı "

    Preview · Article · Jan 2016
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    • "Several sources of stress in police work have been identified: (1) the obvious inherent aspect, which involves danger and job risk; (2) the police administrative organization ; and (3) other less obvious stressors involved in police work such as shift work or work load (Bonnar, 2000; Kop & Euwema, 2001; Patterson, 2002; Spielberger , Grier, & Greenfield, 1981; Violanti & Aron, 1994; Patterson, 2003; Violanti, et al., 2006) Despite the prevalence of stress in police work, there is limited empirical evidence available that stress is associated with work absence. A recent study by Magnavita and Garbarino (2013) found an association between stress and work absence among police, characterized by high work demands and low control. "
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    ABSTRACT: Police work is a high stress occupation and stress has been implicated in work absence. The present study examined (1) associations between specific types of police stress and work absences, (2) distinctions between "voluntary" (1-day) and "involuntary" (> 3-days) absences; and (3) the modifying effect of resiliency. Officers (n=337) from the Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress study were included in the present study. The sample was 72% male, 77% Caucasian, 73% married, and 75% patrol officers. Mean age was 41 years (SD=6.4). Measures included: the Spielberger Police Stress Survey, 1-year payroll absence data, and the Dispositional Resilience Scale. The negative binomial regression was used to estimate rate ratios (RR) of 1-day and >3-days work absences for increasing stress scores. Models were adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, rank, smoking status, alcohol intake, and sleep duration. For one-unit increase in stress scores, the covariate adjusted RRs for one-day work absences were: total stress score (RR=1.19, 95% CI: 1.04-1.36); administrative stress (RR=1.52, 95% CI: 1.05-2.18); physical/psychological stress (RR=1.54, 95% CI: 1.14-2.07); and lack of support (RR=1.75, 95% CI: 1.01-3.05). Results suggest that officers were more likely to take voluntary 1-day absences due to specific types of stress at work. When the entire sample was considered, there was no significant association between police specific stress and episodes of work absence lasting at least three consecutive days. Hardy individuals, including those with high scores on the challenge sub-score, may use 1-day absences as a positive coping strategy.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015
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    • "Job satisfaction is experienced if employees feel that their individual capacities and values can be utilized in the work environment and the opportunities and rewards are offered in work environment. Violanti and Aron (1994) found a strong and positive relationship between high level of job satisfaction and the psychological well-being of police officers. Job satisfaction is considered as one of the strongest predictors of a valued organizational outcome and commitment (Jaramillo et al., 2005). "
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    ABSTRACT: The present study examines whether, and to what degree, supervisor support in law enforcement is associated with job satisfaction, holding the effects of age, rank, education, gender, and working unit as constant in the analysis. A total of 216 Turkish National Police (TNP) employees working in Istanbul Police Department, comprising 185 regular police officers and 31 ranked police officers, completed the study survey. The influence of supervisor support on the job satisfaction levels of TNP employees was analyzed by structural equation modeling (SEM) under the theoretical framework of Frederick Herzberg’s two-factor theory. The results of the study indicate that TNP employees’ perceived supervisor support has a statistically significant positive effect on their job satisfaction levels. The more TNP employees perceive their supervisors as supportive, the higher their job satisfaction levels. Among the five demographic variables, only working unit of TNP employees makes statistically significant contribution to their job satisfaction levels. The predictor variable of supervisor support along with working unit collectively, explain 45 % of the total variation in job satisfaction.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014
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