Article

The Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire: An exploration of personality traits in eating disorders

Cornell University Medical College, Westchester Division, White Plains, New York 10605.
Journal of Psychiatric Research (Impact Factor: 3.96). 09/1994; 28(5):413-23. DOI: 10.1016/0022-3956(94)90001-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

The Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) was tested in four subgroups of eating-disorder patients: anorectic-restrictors (AN-R), anorectic-bulimics (AN-B), normal weight bulimics (BN), and bulimics with a past history of anorexia (B-AN). Normal controls and patients were matched for gender and age. All subjects completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) in addition to the TPQ. AN-Rs scored lower on the Novelty Seeking scale than the bulimic groups and controls, and the two normal weight bulimic groups had higher Novelty Seeking scores than the controls. On the Harm Avoidance scale, all eating disorder groups scored significantly higher than the control group. In addition, the AN-Rs scored lower than the AN-Bs and B-ANs. The Harm Avoidance scale and depression scores were positively correlated while the Reward Dependence scale and depression scores were negatively correlated. Differences between diagnostic groups on the Novelty Seeking and Persistence scales remained clearly significant when depression was partialled out. These results are discussed in terms of the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire as a stable measure of traits with eating disorder subjects.

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    • "The literature demonstrates the relevance of multiple factors: biological, psychological and social factors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of BED (Lanzarone et al. 2014). Previous cross-sectional studies (Gordon et al. 2012; Kleifield et al. 1994; Bulik et al. 1995) suggest that for identifying at-risk populations, it is important to identify the personality traits that individuals with disordered eating demonstrate. However, to better understand the protective factor for BED it could be relevant to explore also the characteristics of the subjects that do not demonstrate any symptoms of BED. "
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    • "between restricting anorexia nervosa (AN-R) patients and those who binge-eat or purge (AN-BP) have found that AN-R is associated with lower novelty seeking, higher harm avoidance, and more rigid and obsessional behavior as compared with patients with AN-BP (Halmi, Kleifield, Braun, & Sunday, 1999; Kleifield, Sunday, Hurt, & Halmi, 1994). Compared with AN-R patients, those who binge-eat or purge have been found to experience more lability of mood, to be more impulsive, and are more likely to have substance abuse problems (DaCosta & Halmi, 1992). "
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    • "For women, greater cognitive control of food intake was associated with lower novelty seeking. This finding agrees with accounts of low novelty seeking in women with restricting anorexia nervosa (Kleifield et al., 1994). Furthermore, susceptibility to hunger in women was associated with lower self-directedness, a finding consistent with previous accounts of a relationship between healthier eating and self-efficacy (Campbell et al., 1999; Havas et al., 1998). "
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