The Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire: An exploration of personality traits in eating disorders

Cornell University Medical College, Westchester Division, White Plains, New York 10605.
Journal of Psychiatric Research (Impact Factor: 3.96). 09/1994; 28(5):413-23. DOI: 10.1016/0022-3956(94)90001-9
Source: PubMed


The Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) was tested in four subgroups of eating-disorder patients: anorectic-restrictors (AN-R), anorectic-bulimics (AN-B), normal weight bulimics (BN), and bulimics with a past history of anorexia (B-AN). Normal controls and patients were matched for gender and age. All subjects completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) in addition to the TPQ. AN-Rs scored lower on the Novelty Seeking scale than the bulimic groups and controls, and the two normal weight bulimic groups had higher Novelty Seeking scores than the controls. On the Harm Avoidance scale, all eating disorder groups scored significantly higher than the control group. In addition, the AN-Rs scored lower than the AN-Bs and B-ANs. The Harm Avoidance scale and depression scores were positively correlated while the Reward Dependence scale and depression scores were negatively correlated. Differences between diagnostic groups on the Novelty Seeking and Persistence scales remained clearly significant when depression was partialled out. These results are discussed in terms of the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire as a stable measure of traits with eating disorder subjects.

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Available from: Stephen Wayne Hurt
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    • "The literature demonstrates the relevance of multiple factors: biological, psychological and social factors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of BED (Lanzarone et al. 2014). Previous cross-sectional studies (Gordon et al. 2012; Kleifield et al. 1994; Bulik et al. 1995) suggest that for identifying at-risk populations, it is important to identify the personality traits that individuals with disordered eating demonstrate. However, to better understand the protective factor for BED it could be relevant to explore also the characteristics of the subjects that do not demonstrate any symptoms of BED. "
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    ABSTRACT: Much research has been conducted to study the association between personality and eating disorders using clinical samples. However, less research has been done on personality variables in non-clinical cases of adolescents prone to binge eating. The purpose of this study is to compare a group of 53 adolescents without binge eating with a group of 28 adolescents with moderate binging behaviors and to investigate the relationship between personality traits and eating behaviors. All participants completed BES, STAY, EPQ-R, IVE and EDI-2. The results demonstrated that the group with moderate binging presented higher scores in state and trait anxiety, psychoticism, neuroticism, and impulsivity than the adolescents without binge eating. The second hypothesis of this research was to analyze the relationship between personality characteristics and eating behaviors. In the group of adolescents without binge eating both neuroticism and psychoticism correlated with ED symptomatology. Similarly extraversion, impulsivity and venturesomeness correlated with ED symptomatology. In the group of adolescents with moderate binge eating, there was an association of trait anxiety, extraversion, venturesomeness and empathy with ED symptomatology in university samples. The results of this study represent a new stimulus to thoroughly investigate those aspects of personality that may be predictive of ED symptomatology and to develop preventative strategies. It is our opinion that it is necessary to focus attention not only on clinical or non-clinical samples, but also on adolescents who could be considered at risk.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · SpringerPlus
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    • "between restricting anorexia nervosa (AN-R) patients and those who binge-eat or purge (AN-BP) have found that AN-R is associated with lower novelty seeking, higher harm avoidance, and more rigid and obsessional behavior as compared with patients with AN-BP (Halmi, Kleifield, Braun, & Sunday, 1999; Kleifield, Sunday, Hurt, & Halmi, 1994). Compared with AN-R patients, those who binge-eat or purge have been found to experience more lability of mood, to be more impulsive, and are more likely to have substance abuse problems (DaCosta & Halmi, 1992). "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on clinical characteristics and premature termination of treatment in anorexia nervosa (AN). The participants were 77 consecutive patients with AN admitted to an inpatient eating disorders unit. The patients were assessed in terms of eating disorder symptoms, general psychopathology, and CSA history at admission to hospital. Thirty-seven patients (48%) reported a history of CSA before the onset of the eating disorder. Individuals with a history of CSA reported significantly greater psychiatric comorbidity, including higher levels of depression and anxiety, lower self-esteem, more interpersonal problems, and more severe obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Patients with the binge-purge subtype of AN (AN-BP) were significantly more likely to report a history of CSA prior to the onset of the eating disorder as compared with patients with the restricting subtype (AN-R) of the illness (65% of the AN-BP patients vs. 37% of the AN-R patients; p<.02). Contrary to our predictions, abused patients were not significantly more likely to dropout of treatment overall. However, patients of the binge-purge subtype (AN-BP) with a history of CSA were significantly more likely to terminate treatment prematurely as compared with the other patients. Consistent with previous findings, the present results indicate that the prevalence of CSA is high among individuals seeking inpatient treatment for AN. A history of CSA was associated with greater psychiatric disturbance overall and a higher rate of dropout for patients of the binge-purge subtype.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2006 · Child Abuse & Neglect
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    • "For women, greater cognitive control of food intake was associated with lower novelty seeking. This finding agrees with accounts of low novelty seeking in women with restricting anorexia nervosa (Kleifield et al., 1994). Furthermore, susceptibility to hunger in women was associated with lower self-directedness, a finding consistent with previous accounts of a relationship between healthier eating and self-efficacy (Campbell et al., 1999; Havas et al., 1998). "
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    ABSTRACT: Large portions of the population of the United States of America fail to follow dietary recommendations. Psychological factors may contribute to non-adherence. Establish the associations between heritable personality styles, attitudes towards food, and habitual eating behavior. Variables were assessed by questionnaire in a population-based sample of 629 subjects. Associations were established using correlation and regression analysis, taking gender, demographic, lifestyle and other factors into account. Differences in personality style were reflected in diet. For example, hostility and anxiety-proneness was associated with greater likelihood to continue eating when satiated, while sociability and low impulsivity correlated with greater monitoring and control of dietary intake and body weight. Immaturity, aloofness, self-consciousness and self-gratification were associated with greater susceptibility to hunger and lack of persistence with increased snack and alcohol consumption. These associations differed for the sexes and were stronger for attitudes towards food than actual eating behavior. Taking other factors into account reduced the number of significant associations between diet and personality, particularly for habitual eating behavior. Associations exist between personality and diet. However, the strength of these associations is influenced by demographic, lifestyle and other factors. These findings have implications for future studies and efforts aimed at changing unhealthy dietary habits.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2006 · Appetite
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