Psychological distress among survivors of burn injury: The role of outcome expectations and perceptions of importance
This study examined factors associated with psychologic distress among survivors of burn injury. The study tested hypotheses derived from Scheier and Carver's model of behavioral self-regulation and focused on two primary predictor variables: expectations concerning rehabilitative outcomes and the importance attached to those outcomes. The study used a cross-sectional research design. Two hundred sixteen people who had sustained major or moderate thermal burn injuries within 2 years of study entry served as subjects. Data were collected via mailed questionnaire and chart review. Consistent with study hypotheses, we found that participants who had low expectations for further improvement but who attached high importance to the need for improvement exhibited the most psychologic distress. Study findings lend support to Scheier and Carver's model and suggest that application of this model within the context of burn rehabilitation may increase our understanding of the rehabilitation process. Directions for future theory-based research are discussed.
Available from: Suk Joon Oh
- "Each year more than 2 million people sustain burns in United States . In Korea, it accounted for 15,000 inpatients and more than 600 deaths in 2003 . "
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ABSTRACT: Many burn patients experience psychosocial problems such as personality change, post-traumatic stress disorder, family trouble, and financial burden. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors of these psychosocial problems that prevented burn patients from developing appropriate adjustments after burn. Six hundred eighty-six adult burn inpatients were interviewed. Most of them suffered from burns less than 10% of total body surface area. They were asked to fill in a questionnaire for this study, which was a psychosocial problem checklist of 17 items. Descriptive analysis, factor analysis, Chi-square test, and multiple logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the results. Lack of family support and living expense burden were the two significant risk factors for psychosocial problems including, burn treatment problems, rehabilitation problems, and welfare information problems on both acute and chronic burn patients. Medical expense burden was the risk factor among chronic burn patients. These findings suggested that active interventions by the burn team including mental health professionals (psychologist, psychiatrist or social worker) might reduce psychosocial problems of burn patients and encourage social rehabilitation.
Available from: Peter E M Butler
- "Psychological morbidity of burns survivors has been extensively described    . All members of this population group were victims of assault. "
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ABSTRACT: Assault by acid burns typically results in severe disfigurement, yet the psychosocial impact of this injury is so far unreported. This study provides the first empirical data using standardised assessment scales, from 44 acid burns survivors in Bangladesh. Compared with published norms, individuals show high levels of psychological distress including social anxiety and avoidance, anxiety and depression. Consistent with the published literature, there is no relationship between severity of injury and level of psychological distress. One interesting feature of this population is the relative preservation of perceived self-concept, and this is discussed with relation to the supportive and therapeutic environment of the clinic where this group were studied. We also note an interesting sub-group who were attacked by members of their own family and for whom psychological morbidity seems particularly pronounced.
Available from: iprc.unc.edu
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