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[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Only limited data are available regarding the safety of therapeutic ERCP in pregnancy. We report our experience with therapeutic ERCP in pregnant women.
Medical records of 18 pregnant women (first trimester 4, second 6, third 8) who underwent ERCP between July 1994 and December 2004 were reviewed. Patients and their families were contacted to assess the well being of mother and baby.
All the women underwent therapeutic ERCP and biliary sphincterotomy for common bile duct (CBD) stones. In 4 patients, 10-Fr CBD stents were inserted; three of these four cases required mechanical lithotripsy after delivery. Median procedure time was 17 min and median fluoroscopy time was 8 seconds. One patient each developed mild post ERCP pancreatitis and post sphincterotomy bleed. One woman had a preterm delivery. At follow up after a median of 6 years, all the babies were healthy.
Therapeutic ERCP can be performed safely in all the trimesters of pregnancy provided appropriate precautions are taken.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2005 · Indian Journal of Gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In America more than 100,000 high-risk patients/year have conditions normally evaluated by gastrointestinal endoscopy. This review analyzes the safety and efficacy of gastrointestinal endoscopy in high-risk patients. Endoscopy during pregnancy raises the unique issue of fetal safety. The safety of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) during pregnancy has been examined in a case-controlled study of 83 patients, a mailed survey of 73 patients, and case reports. The safety of sigmoidoscopy during pregnancy has been examined in a case-controlled study of 45 patients, a mailed survey of 26 patients, and case reports. These studies suggest that EGD and sigmoidoscopy are not contraindicated during pregnancy. For example, EGD should be performed for significant upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The safety of colonoscopy during pregnancy is inadequately analyzed. In a study of 34 EGDs performed within 3 weeks of myocardial infarction, no endoscopic complications occurred in 26 clinically stable patients with uncomplicated myocardial infarction. However, 3 major endoscopic complications occurred in 8 clinically unstable patients. In a study of 9 sigmoidoscopies within 3 weeks of myocardial infarction, no sigmoidoscopic complications occurred in 7 clinically stable patients. Several studies have shown that EGD, sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy is safe in patients with advanced HIV infection. AIDS patients should generally be endoscoped with the same aggressiveness as other patients. However, endoscopy may be unwise in any terminal patient. No complication occurred in 60 patients undergoing EGD within 3 weeks of esophageal, gastric, or duodenal surgery. One minor complication occurred in 36 patients undergoing sigmoidoscopy within 3 weeks of colonic surgery. These results suggest that EGD or sigmoidoscopy is not contraindicated within 3 weeks of gastrointestinal surgery. No complications occurred in 53 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients undergoing EGD. EGD appears to be safe in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients without severe hypoxemia or acute bronchospasm. Emergency EGD can be performed in patients with severe hypoxemia after endotracheal intubation.
No preview · Article · Jul 1996 · Digestive Diseases
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: More than 12,000 pregnant patients in the United States per year have conditions normally evaluated by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). More than 6000 pregnant patient in the United States per year have conditions normally evaluated by sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. Endoscopy during pregnancy raises the unique issue of fetal safety, and endoscopic medications comprise a significant component of fetal risks from endoscopy. This article analyzes the safety of endoscopic medications during pregnancy, reviews the literature on the safety of gastrointestinal endoscopy during pregnancy, proposes guidelines for endoscopic indications during pregnancy, and describes modifications of gastrointestinal endoscopy during pregnancy to increase fetal and maternal safety.
No preview · Article · Apr 1998 · Gastroenterology Clinics of North America