[Spectrophotometric determination of uric acid in serum using a titanium (IV)-porphyrin complex]
Aqueous solution of oxo[5,10,15,20-tetra(4-pyridyl)porphyrinato]titanium (IV) complex, a Ti-TPyP reagent, was found to be very useful for the spectrophotometric determination of hydrogen peroxide. The reagent (lambda max 432 nm) reacts with hydrogen peroxide to form a monoperoxocomplex, resulting in a significant decrease of the absorbance at 432 nm. The decrease (delta A) in absorbance was proportional to the concentration of hydrogen peroxide. The Ti-TPyP reagent was successfully applied to the assay of uric acid in the serum, using uricase to produce hydrogen peroxide through enzymatic oxidation. Using only 5 microliters serum, a linear relationship was obtained between delta A and uric acid concentration in the serum ranging from 5 x 10(-6) to 1 x 10(-3) M. The apparent molar delta A of uric acid was 2.2 x 10(5) M-1 cm-1. The relative standard deviation of repeated runs (n = 8) was 2.8% at 3.77 x 10(-4) M uric acid. The analytical recovery of uric acid (5 x 10(-4) M) added to the serum was 96.8 to 105.0%. No pre-concentration and deproteinization were required to determine uric acid in the serum by the present method because of the high sensitivity and selectivity of the Ti-TPyP reagent for hydrogen peroxide.