A comparative study of 1H NMR lineshape fitting analyses and biochemical lipid analyses of the lipoprotein fractions VLDL, LDL and HDL, and total human blood plasma.
The purpose of this work was two-fold. In the first instance, 1H NMR spectra of the ultracentrifuged lipoprotein fractions (VLDL, LDL and HDL) from six volunteers with different clinical conditions were measured. The methylene regions of the experimental spectra were modelled in the frequency domain using non-linear lineshape fitting analyses. In this way the resolvable Lorentzian component structures of the methylene regions of these lipoprotein fraction spectra could be determined. Second, the lipoprotein fraction analyses were used to construct simplified component structures, which interpreted the lipoprotein fraction spectra well, and were feasible to use in the total plasma spectra analyses. The considerable overlap problem of the resonances was properly handled in this way. The NMR-based relative amounts of the lipoproteins (relative integrated intensities of the lipoprotein model signals) obtained were compared to the biochemically resolved relative molar percentages of the lipoprotein fractions and also of the lipid contents between the lipoprotein complexes. It was noticed that nearly all correlations were extremely good. Thus, it is suggested that the developed methodology could be used as a fast method to predict the relative amounts of the lipoproteins and also possibly the relative lipid contents between the major lipoprotein categories directly from the proton NMR spectrum of a total blood plasma sample. Furthermore, if internal or external reference for the integrated intensities of the proton NMR resonances were used, it should also be possible to obtain the absolute amounts of these quantities.
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