A Randomized Trial of Psychiatric Day Treatment for Patients With Affective and Personality Disorders

Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
Hospital & community psychiatry 09/1993; 44(8):757-63. DOI: 10.1176/ps.44.8.757
Source: PubMed


The outcome of a day treatment program for psychiatric outpatients with affective and personality disorders was evaluated. The program was dynamically oriented, intensive, group focused, and time limited (18 weeks).
The prospective trial used a randomized treatment-versus-control (delayed-treatment) design to examine 17 outcome variables covering five areas: interpersonal functioning, symptomatology, self-esteem, life satisfaction, and defensive functioning. Those variables, plus individualized treatment objectives, were monitored before and after the treatment and control periods and at follow-up an average of eight months later.
Treated patients showed significantly better outcome than control patients for seven of the 17 outcome variables: social dysfunction, family dysfunction, interpersonal behavior, mood level, life satisfaction, self-esteem, and severity of disturbance associated with individual goals of treatment as rated by an independent assessor. The findings could not be accounted for by diagnosis or use of medication. Benefits were maintained over the follow-up period. The average treatment-versus-control effect size for all 17 variables was .71.
The study supports the efficacy of an intensive day treatment program for patients who manifest significant difficulties associated with affective and personality disorders.

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    • "993 ) evaluated the effectiveness of a multimodal day program on young children with disruptive disorder , as compared with a waiting list control group . Erker et al . ( 1993 ) researched long - term follow - up study of children who had received either residential or day treatment in a private psychiatric facility approximately 10 years before . Piper et al . ( 1993 ) researched 120 patients who had completed day treatment and control conditions ( delayed treatment ) whilst Matzner et al . ( 1998 ) compared the pre / post outcome data of young people who had attended a traditional outpatient service and then attended a day treatment program ."
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